One of the major problems faced in the management of various forest types are the invasive species that have now proliferated. Invasive species are those species that have come in from elsewhere and take over the habitats and other resources of native species. Invasive species increase their populations drastically at the expense of the existing flora. They are of two categories, the native and the alien. Native plants or animals become invasive when a change of environmental conditions or some other factor causes their ordinary population to multiply drastically suffocating the other species. Aliens are those species that have been introduced deliberately or accidentally from outside. In many instances these invasive species cannot be consumed or are not consumed by other species and therefore the food available to the food chain is greatly reduced. Then the habitats of many species are degraded and reduced thereby having an adverse impact on their populations.

Prosopis juliflora

Prosopis juliflora

Invasive species, both fauna and flora have become problematic to many protected areas. In the Bundala National Park there are two invasive species. Proposis Juliflora or Kalapu Andara in Sinhalese. These thorny trees are spreading across the Hambantota and Bundala landscape like wild fire and choking up the natural vegetation. In Bundala it has been found that all the Palu (Manilkara hexandra) trees close to which this species has now grown, are dying. In Bundala there is also the cactus Opuntia (Opuntia delenii) that has large thorns, which are invading the PA. The DWLC is cleaning out the cactus but it is not an easy task since this species has very long and sharp thorns.

In Uda Walawe NP Lantana camara (Sinhala – Gandapana) an invasive species has taken over large extents of the park and has choked out the indigenous plants. This is plant is propagated by birds, which consume the berries and drop the seeds, which germinate fast. Here too the DWLC is making an attempt to rid the park of this menace.

In the Horton Plains Ulex uropaeus is an invasive species. It is spreading fast and choking the Gorse bushes, which is the habitat of the endemic Pigmy Lizard (Cophotis ceylanica), called Kurubodiliya in Sinhala.

Ulex uropaeus

Ulex uropaeus

In the Minneriya NP the thorny bamboo (Bambusa bambos)is a big problem as it is in the Victoria Randenigala Randenigala NP. The trees on which the elephants feed on are choked out by these thick clumps of bamboo. Since forests are an essential part of our lives, their nuturing and protection is very important.

 

Alien Species Database

NameDescriptionCommon NamesSynonyms
Acacia longifolia (tree, shrub)Acacia longifolia is a shrub or small tree that is part of the nitrogen-fixing Acacia family. Native to the South-eastern coast of Australia, it has naturalised in many other places and has become invasive in other parts of Australia (Victoria, New South Wales), in New Zealand, South Africa, Spain, Portugal and Brazil. It was primarily introduced into these areas to stabilise sand dunes and as an ornamental. Acacia longifolia is fast growing, and a large part of its invasiveness has been attributed to long-lived seeds. In new locations it displaces native vegetation and modifies ecosystems and habitats.acácia, acácia-de-espigas, acácia-de-folhas-longas, acácia-marítima, acácia-trinervis, golden wattle, langblaarwattel, long-leaf wattle, salgueiro-amarelo, sallow wattle, Sydney golden wattle, western yarrowAcacia latifolia hort., Acacia longifolia var. typica Benth., Mimosa longifolia Andrews, Mimosa macrostachya Poir., Phyllodoce longifolia (Andr.) Link, Racosperma longifolium (Andr.) C .Mart.
Acacia melanoxylon (tree) English françaisAcacia melanoxylon is native in eastern Australia. This tree grows fast and tall, up to 45m height. It has a wide ecological tolerance, occurring over an extensive range of soils and climatic conditions, but develops better in colder climates. Control of its invasion of natural vegetation, commercial timber plantations and farmland incurs considerable costs, but its timber value and nursing of natural forest succession provides a positive contribution.acacia à bois noir, acacia de madera negra, acacia rouge, acácia-preta, algarrobo, aroma salvaje, Australian blackwood, Australiese swarthout, blackwood, blackwood acacia, Tasmanian blackwoodRacosperma melanoxylon (R.Br.) C.Martius
Achatina fulica (mollusc) English françaisAchatina fulica feeds on a wide variety of crop plants and may present a threat to local flora. Populations of this pest often crash over time (20 to 60 years) and this should not be percieved as effectiveness of the rosy wolfsnail (Euglandina rosea) as a biocontrol agent. Natural chemicals from the fruit of Thevetia peruviana have activity against A. fulica and the cuttings of the alligator apple (Annona glabra) can be used as repellent hedges against A. fulica.achatine, Afrikanische Riesenschnecke, escargot géant d'Afrique, giant African land snail, giant African snailLissachatina fulica (Bowdich 1822)
Aedes aegypti (insect)Interim profile, incomplete information

The yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti is very common in urban and suburban areas in the tropic and subtropic regions. It is adapted to close association with humans and the female feeds almost exclusively on human blood. A. aegypti is the domestic vector of the yellow fever virus, caused epidemics of yellow fever in the Americas (before the 1940's) and recently in West Africa, and is responsible for 'urban yellow fever' - direct transmission of the virus between humans. A. aegypti is also the most important carrier of the dengue virus, although it is not paticularly susceptible to viral infection compared with other mosquito species.
stégomyie, yellow fever mosquitoCulex aegypti Linnaeus, 1762, Culex albopalposus Becker, 1908, Culex anguste-alatus Becker, 1908, Culex annulitarsis Macquart, 1844 , Culex argenteus Poiret, 1787 , Culex augens Wiedemann, 1828, Culex calopus Meigen, 1818, Culex elegans Ficalbi, 1889 , Culex exagitans Walker, 1856 , Culex excitans Walker, 1848, Culex fasciatus Fabricius, 1805, Culex frater Robineau-Desvoidy, 1827 , Culex inexorabilis Walker, 1848 , Culex insatiabilis Bigot, 1859 , Culex kououpi Brulle, 1833 , Culex rossii Giles, 1889 , Culex taeniatus Wiedemann, 1828, Culex toxorhynchus Macquart, 1838 , Culex viridifrons Walker, 1848 , Duttonia alboannulis Ludlow, 1911 , Mimeteomyia pulcherrima Taylor, 1919 , Stegomyia atritarsis Edwards, 1920 , Stegomyia canariensis Pittaluga, 1905 , Stegomyia luciensis Theobald, 1901 , Stegomyia nigeria Theobald, 1901 , Stegomyia queenslandensis Theobald, 1901
Agave americana (herb, shrub)Agave americana is a large, rhizomatous succulent that grows in a wide range of conditions including cliffs, urban areas, woodlands, grasslands, riparian zones, beaches and sandy areas, and rocky slopes. A. americana is tolerant of wind, salt, high temperatures, and extreme drought. It can grow in shallow, very dry, low fertility soil and can colonise bare sand. It is grown for many reasons- ornamental, medicinal and agricultural. In South Australia Agave americana mainly invades disturbed sites, road sides and coastal vegetation. It may also harbour introduced animal species, such as rabbits, making feral animal control more difficult.agave, agave d'Amérique, American agave, American aloe, American century plant, American-aloe, Amerikanische agave, century plant, garingboom, Hundert-jährige agave, maguey, maguey americano, pita común, pite, spreading century-plant, wild century-plant, yuccaAgave rasconensis Trel. ex Standl., Agave zonata Trel., Aloe americana (L.) Crantz
Alternanthera philoxeroides (aquatic plant, herb) EnglishAlternanthera philoxeroides, commonly known as alligator weed, is a perennial stoloniferous herb that can be found in many parts of the world, infesting rivers, lakes, ponds and irrigation canals, as well as many terrestrial habitats. The aquatic form of the plant has the potential to become a serious threat to waterways, agriculture and the environment. The terrestrial form of Alternanthera philoxeroides grows into a dense mat with a massive underground rhizomatous root system. The canopy can smother most other herbaceous plant species. It has proven to be extremely expensive to attempt controlling Alternanthera philoxeroides.alligator weed, pig weed, xi han lian zi caoAchyranthes philoxeroides (Mart.) Standl., Alternanthera paludosa Bunbury, Alternanthera philoxerina Suess., Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. forma angustifolia Suess., Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. var. acutifolia (Mart. ex Moq.) Hicken, Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. var. lancifolia Chodat, Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. var. luxurians Suess., Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. var. obtusifolia (Mart. ex Moq.) Hicken, Bucholzia philoxeroides Mart., Telanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Moq., Telanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Moq. var. acutifolia Mart. ex Moq., Telanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Moq. var. obtusifolia Mart. ex Moq.
Austroeupatorium inulifolium (herb, shrub) EnglishInterim profile, incomplete information

Austroeupatorium inulifolium is an aggressive species that rapidly colonizes areas cleared for planting new crops, agricultural fields, fallow fields, waste lands and roadsides.
austroeupatoriumAustroeupatorium inulaefolium (H.B.K.) R. M. King & H. Rob., Eupatorium inulifolium Kunth
Cenchrus clandestinus (grass) English françaisCenchrus clandestinus (Pennisetum clandestinum) is a creeping, mat-forming grass that originates from tropical eastern Africa. It gets its common name, kikuyu grass, from the fact that it is native to the area in which the Kikuyu tribe live. C. clandestinus is an aggressive invader of pasture, crops and natural areas. It spreads via an extensive network of rhizomes and stolons, and smothers all other vegetation. It is difficult to control manually, but the use of herbicides can yield good results.capim-quicuio, kikuyo, kikuyu grass, kikuyu pul, kikuyu tana, kikuyugras, pasto africano, West African pennisetum, xi fei lang wei caoPennisetum inclusum Pilg., Pennisetum longstylum Hochst., Pennisetum longstylum var. clandestinum (Hochst. ex Chiov.) Leeke
Chromolaena odorata (herb) English françaisChromolaena odorata is a fast-growing perennial shrub, native to South America and Central America. It has been introduced into the tropical regions of Asia, Africa and the Pacific, where it is an invasive weed. Also known as Siam weed, it forms dense stands that prevent the establishment of other plant species. It is an aggressive competitor and may have allelopathic effects. It is also a nuisance weed in agricultural land and commercial plantations.agonoi, bitter bush, chromolaena, hagonoy, herbe du Laos, huluhagonoi, jack in the bush, kesengesil, mahsrihsrihk, masigsig, ngesngesil, otuot, rumput belalang, rumput golkar, rumput putih, Siam weed, Siam-Kraut, triffid weed, wisolmatenrehweiEupatorium affine Hook & Arn., Eupatorium brachiatum Wikstrom, Eupatorium clematitis DC., Eupatorium conyzoidesM. Vahl, Eupatorium divergens Less., Eupatorium floribundum Kunth, Eupatorium graciliflorum DC., Eupatorium odoratum L., Eupatorium sabeanum Buckley, Eupatorium stigmatosum Meyen & Walp., Osmia conyzoides (Vahl) Sch.-Bip., Osmia divergens (Less.) Schultz-Bip., Osmia floribunda (Kunth) Schultz-Bip., Osmia graciliflora (DC.) Sch.-Bip., Osmia odorata (L.) Schultz-Bip.
Clarias batrachus (fish) EnglishClarias batrachus is native to southeastern Asia and has been introduced into many places for fish farming. Walking catfish, as it is commonly known (named for their ability to move over land), is an opportunistic feeder and can go for months without food. During a drought large numbers of walking catfish may congregate in isolated pools and consume other species. They are known to have invaded aquaculture farms, entering ponds where they prey on fish stocks. C. batrachus has been described as a benthic, nocturnal, tactile omnivore that consumes detritus and opportunistically forages on large aquatic insects, tadpoles, and fish.alimudan, cá trê tráng, cá trèn trang, clarias catfish, climbing perch, freshwater catfish, Froschwels, hito, htong batukan, ikan keling, ikan lele, Ito, kawatsi, keli, klarievyi som, koi, konnamonni, kug-ga, leleh, magur, mah-gur, mangri, marpoo, masarai, mungri, nga-khoo, pa douk, paltat, pantat, pla duk, pla duk dam, pla duk dan, pla duk nam jued, pla duk nam juend, Thai hito, Thailand catfish, trey andaing roueng, trey andeng, walking catfish, wanderwels, YerivahlayClarias assamensis Day, 1877, Clarias jagur (Hamilton, 1822), Clarias magur (Hamilton, 1822), Clarias punctatus Valenciennes, 1840, Macropteronotus jagur Hamilton, 1822, Macropteronotus magur Hamilton, 1822, Silurus batrachus Linnaeus, 1758
Clidemia hirta (shrub) English françaisThe invasive shrub Clidemia hirta is a problem in tropical forest understories in its introduced range, where it invades gaps in the forest, preventing native plant species from regenerating. The spread of Clidemia hirta has been linked to soil disturbances, particularly that caused by the wild pig, another invasive species. It has proven to negatively effect native ecosystems and is difficult to control in the Hawaiian archipelago. It is feared it will have a similar effect in other regions where it has been introduced such as in various Indian Ocean Islands (Seychelles), the Malaysian Peninsula and parts of Micronesia (Palau).clidemia, clidémie hérissée, faux vatouk, Hirten-Schwarzmundgewaechs, kaurasiga, kauresinga, Koster's curse, kúi, mbona na mbulamakau, ndraunisinga, roinisinga, soap bush, tabac-bœuf, vutiMelastoma hirtum L.
Columba livia (bird) English françaisColumba livia is native to Europe and has been introduced worldwide as a food source, or for game. These pigeons prefer to live near human habitation, such as farmland and buildings. They cause considerable damage to buildings and monuments because of their corrosive droppings. They also pose a health hazard, since they are capable of transmitting a variety of diseases to humans and to domestic poultry and wildlife.pombo-doméstico, agreste, b? câu, bákteduvvá, balandis, bareski-golumbaika, baresko-golumbo, bjargdúfa, bládúgva, bládúva, bydue, calman-creige, calmane creggey, carrier pigeon, colm aille, colom roquer, colom roquer, colom wyls, colomba salvaria, colomen ddôf, colomen y graig, colomp salvadi, columba da chasa, columba selvadia, columbu agreste, columbu aresti, columbu de is arrocas, colu'r aille, common pigeon, didu, div gulab, divlji golub, dobato, domaci golob, domestic dove, domestic pigeon, dubet, dziwi holb, Felsentaube, feral pigeon, feral rock pigeon, golab miejski¦Golab skalny, golab skalny, golub pecinar, golub pecinar, gradski Golub, güvercin, haitz-uso, Haustaube, Strassentaube, holub domácí, holub skalní, homing pigeon, húsdúfa, kaljutuvi, kalliokyyhky, kawarabato, kawara-bato, kesykyyhky, kieminis, klinšu balodis, klippduva, klippedue, kolombo, kolomm an garrek, naminis karvelis, paloma, paloma bravia, paloma casera, paloma común, paloma de castilla, paloma doméstica, pecinar, pëllumbi i egër i shkëmbit, piccione, piccione domestico, piccione selvatico, piccione selvatico semidomestico, piccione terraiolo, piccione torraiolo, pichon, pigeon, pigeon biset, pigeon biset domestique, pigeon de ville, pigeon domestique, pomba brava, pombo da rocha, pombo o pombo-doméstico, pombo-das-rochas, porumbel de stânca, pustynnik, rock dove, rock dove pigeon, rock pigeon, rotsduif, ruve, sizij golub, sizy Golub, sizyj golub', skalen g'l'b, šyzy holub, szirti galamb, tamduva, tidori, tidu, Tkhakapuyt Aghavni, tudun tal-gebel, tzidu, Verwilderte Haustaube, Xixella, yuan ge, ziwy golub
Coptotermes formosanus (insect) EnglishCoptotermes formosanus is a subterranean termite with an affinity for damp places. Wherever there is wood (cellulose) and moisture there is the possibility that this species can inhabit that location.Formosa termite, Formosan subterranean termiteCoptotermes intrudens
Ctenopharyngodon idella (fish) EnglishGrass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is a large cyprinid introduced worldwide as a biological control of aquatic vegetation as well as a food fish. It is a voracious feeder which is incredibly efficient at removing aquatic weeds. However they can completely eliminate vegetation from water systems, resulting in widespread ecological effects. Grass carp are also known to compete with native fish, carry parasites such as Asian tapeworm (Bothriocephalus opsarichthydis), and induce other harmful effects to introduced waters.amur, amur bialy, amur biely, amur i bardhe, amurkarpfen, beli amur, belyi amur, bílý amur, byal amur, Cá Châm Treng, carpa China, carpa do limo, carpa erbivora, carpa herbivora, carpe de roseau, carpe herbivore, Chinese carp, Chinese graskarper, chortofagos kyprinos, crap-de-iarba, gardd carp, græskarpe, graskarp, gräskarp, gräskarp, graskarpe, graskarpen, graskarper, graskarpfen, grass carp, hullu, hullugende, kap makan rumput, kap rumput, Pla Chao Hea, Pla Chao Heu, pla van heu, ruohokarppi, silver orfe, sôgyo, tongsan, trey srokchen, waan ue, white amurCtenopharingodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844), Ctenopharyngodon idellus (Valenciennes, 1844), Ctenopharyngodon laticeps (Valenciennes, 1844), Leuciscus idella (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1844), Leuciscus idella (Valenciennes, 1844), Leuciscus idellus (Valenciennes, 1844), Leuciscus tschiliensis (Valenciennes, 1844), Pristiodon siemionovii (Valenciennes, 1844), Sarcocheilichthys teretiusculus (Valenciennes, 1844)
Cyperus rotundus (sedge) EnglishCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) is a weed in over 90 countries and the world's worst invasive weed based on its distribution and effect on crops. Its complex underground network of tubers, basal bulbs, roots and rhizomes ensure its ability to survive and reproduce during adverse conditions. Further biological features, such as its adaptation to high temperatures, solar radiation and humidity, have turned this weed into a serious problem in subtropical and even arid regions.‘oniani lau, ‘oniani rau, ‘oniani tita, alho-bravo, almendra de tierra, balisanga, boto-botonis, brown nut sedge, capim-alho, capim-dandá, castanuela, castañuela, cebollín, chaguan humatag, chufa, coco, coco grass, coquillo, coquillo purpura, coquito, cortadera, hamasuge, herbe à oignons, ivako, junça, juncia, juncia real, kili‘o‘opu, kili'o'opu, mala-apulid, malanga, matie ‘oniani, matie'oniani, mau‘u mokae, mau‘u mokae, mauku ‘oniani, mauku'oniani, mot ha, mothe, mumuta, mutha, nut grass, nut sedge, nutgrass, oniani, oniani lau, oniani rau, oniani tita, pakopako, pakopako, pakopako, purple nut sedge, purple nut sedge, purple nutsedge, red nut sedge, Rundes Zypergras, soro ni kabani, soronakambani, souchet à tubercules, souchet d'Asie, souchet en forme d'olive, souchet rond, suo cao, sur-sur, tamanengi, te mumute, tiririca, tiririca-vermelha, tuteoneon, vucesa, vuthesa, xiang fu zi, ya haeo mu, ya khon mu, zigolo infestanteChlorocyperus rotundus (L.) Palla, Cyperus olivaris Targioni-Tozzetti, Cyperus purpuro-variegatus Boeckeler, Cyperus stoloniferum pallidus Boeckeler, Cyperus tetrastachyos Desf., Cyperus tuberosus Roxb, Pycreus rotundus (L.) Hayek
Cyprinus carpio (fish) English françaisThe introduction of fish as a source of protein for human consumption into tropical and subtropical lake systems is continuing apace. The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) has been cultured for 2500 years and is also a popular angling and ornamental fish; is the third most frequently introduced species in the world. Its method of feeding churns up the sediments on the bottom of the water and uproots macrophytes, making it an keystone ecosystem engineer that altering habitats for native fish and other native aquatic species.Cá Chép, carp, carpa, carpat, carpe, carpe, carpe commune, carpeau, carpo, cerpyn, ciortan, ciortanica, ciortocrap, ciuciulean, common carp, crapcean, cyprinos, escarpo, Europäischer Karpfen, European carp, fancy carp, feral carp, German carp, grass carp, grivadi, ikan mas, Japanese domesticated carp, kapoor-e-maamoli, kapor, kapr obecný, karp, karp, karp, karp, karp, karp dziki a. sazan, karpa, karpar, karpe, Karpe, karpen, karper, karpfen, karpion, karppi, kerpaille, king carp, koi, koi carp, korop, krapi, kyprinos, læderkarpe, lauk mas, leather carp, leekoh, lei ue, mas massan, mirror carp, olocari, Oriental carp, pa nai, pba ni, pla nai, ponty, punjabe gad, rata pethiya, saran, Saran, sarmão, sazan, sazan baligi, scale carp, sharan, skælkarpe, soneri masha, spejlkarpe, sulari, suloi, tikure, trey carp samahn, trey kap, ulucari, weißfische, wild carp, wildkarpfenCarpio carpio gibbosus (Kessler, 1856), Carpio flavipinna Valenciennes, 1842, Carpio vulgaris Rapp, 1854, Cyprinus acuminatus Heckel & Kner, 1858, Cyprinus acuminatus Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus angulatus Heckel, 1843, Cyprinus atrovirens Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus bithynicus Richardson, 1857, Cyprinus carpio anatolicus Hanko, 1924, Cyprinus carpio aralensis Spiczakow, 1935, Cyprinus carpio brevicirri Misik, 1958, Cyprinus carpio elongatus Walecki, 1863, Cyprinus carpio fluviatilis Pravdin, 1945, Cyprinus carpio longicirri Misik, 1958, Cyprinus carpio monstrosus Walecki, 1863, Cyprinus carpio oblongus Antipa, 1909, Cyprinus chinensis Basilewsky, 1855, Cyprinus conirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus festetitsii Bonaparte, 1845, Cyprinus flamm Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus fossicola Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus haematopterus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus melanotus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus nordmannii Valenciennes, 1842, Cyprinus sculponeatus Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus thermalis Heckel, 1843, Cyprinus tossicole Elera, 1895, Cyprinus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842
Dalbergia sissoo (tree) EnglishDalbergia sissoo is a perennial tree that is economically important for its value in forestry, agroforestry, and horticulture. It provides timber, fuelwood, fodder, has medicinal value, used extensively as an ornamental tree as well as for shading, erosion control, and soil fertility. Native to the Indian sub-continent it is a member of the legume family and can fix nitrogen from the atmosphere through bacteria nodules on its root system. It has been introduced in various countries throughout the world, but has known to be invasive in Australia and in Florida (U.S.).aguru, Bombay blackwood, dalbergia, du-khaek, du-khaek, ébénier juane, gette, Himalaya raintree, India teakwood, Indian dalbergia, Indian rosewood, nukku kattai, ostindisches Rosenholz, pradu-khaek, pradu-khaek, shinshapa, shisham, shishu, shisu, sisam, sisham, sissai, sissau, sisso, sisso, sissu, sisu, sisu, sisuitti, skuva, sonoswaseso, tali, yetteAmerimnon sissoo (Kuntze), Dalbergia pseudo-sissoo (Miq.)
Dipogon lignosus (vine, climber) EnglishDipogon lignosus is a climbing vine that has become invasive in the Australian-Pacific region. It vigorously seeds and its growth is relentless. In a short time period this species can smother indigenous vegetation. It climbs over shrubs and trees weighing them down and eventually causing them to break. D. lignosus will also spread horizontally over the ground, smothering native groundcover plants. As a nitrogen fixer, D. lignosus can increase soil fertility, paving the way for other weeds to invade.Australian pea, chookhouse vine, dolichos pea, dunny creeper, lavatory creeper, mile-a-minute, okie bean, purple dolichosDolichos capensis Thunb. , Dolichos gibbosus Thunb. , Dolichos lignosus L., Verdcourtia lignosa (L.) R. Wilczek
Eichhornia crassipes (aquatic plant) English françaisOriginally from South America, Eichhornia crassipes is one of the worst aquatic weeds in the world. Its beautiful, large purple and violet flowers make it a popular ornamental plant for ponds. It is now found in more than 50 countries on five continents. Water hyacinth is a very fast growing plant, with populations known to double in as little as 12 days. Infestations of this weed block waterways, limiting boat traffic, swimming and fishing. Water hyacinth also prevents sunlight and oxygen from reaching the water column and submerged plants. Its shading and crowding of native aquatic plants dramatically reduces biological diversity in aquatic ecosystems.aguapé, bekabe kairanga, bung el ralm, bung el ralm, floating water hyacinth, jacinthe d'eau, jacinto de agua, jacinto-aquatico, jal khumbe, jal kumbhi, lechuguilla, lila de agua, lirio acuatico, mbekambekairanga, riri vai, wasserhyazinthe, water hyacinth, water orchid, wota haisinEichhornia speciosa Kunth, Heteranthera formosa, Piaropus crassipes (Mart.) Raf., Piaropus mesomelas, Pontederia crassipes Mart. (basionym)
Equus asinus (mammal)Equus asinus (donkeys) resemble horses and are characterised by their large head, long ears and cow-like tail. They can be found in tropical savannas and arid hill country in Australia and other arid and desert habitats elsewhere in its range. In its invasive range, Equus asinus have deleterious and potentially irreversible impacts on native flora and fauna. Damage has been documented in plant communities, soils, wildlife and water quality. Management of this species can be difficult. Cultural pressures prevent lethal methods of management from being used. Typical management techniques involve removing the species from their natural habitat and placing them in reserves where they will not pose a threat. The growing number of feral donkeys, roaming free across Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia propitiate extensive hybridisation with their wild relative Equus africanus and thus contribute to the extinction of the E. africanus.African wild ass, asino, ass, burro
Equus caballus (mammal)Interim profile, incomplete information

Equus caballus is a large non-ruminant herbivorous mammal that is not dissimlar in appearance to the domestic horse. E. caballus has an average lifespan of 25 - 30 years, with 20 years of sexual activity. While preferred habitat is open grasslands, E. caballus has been also known to invade desert, semi-desert plains, coastal areas, subalpine regions, tropical savannah grasslands, forests, scrublands and wetlands. In some regions they are protected as they are seen as a valuable asset, but in other places they are considered a pest, as they compete with livestock for resources, degrade plant habitats by grazing and trampling, contaminate water sources, damage fences and decrease native biodiversity.
feral horse, horse
Euglandina rosea (mollusc) English françaisThe carnivorous rosy wolfsnail Euglandina rosea was introduced to Indian and Pacific Ocean Islands from the 1950s onwards as a biological control agent for the giant African snail (Achatina fulica). E. rosea is not host specific meaning that native molluscs species are at risk of expatriation or even extinction if this mollusc-eating snail is introduced. Partulid tree snails of the French Polynesian Islands were particularly affected; having evolved separately from each other in isolated valleys, many Partulid tree snails have been lost and today almost all the survivors exist only in zoos.cannibal snail, escargot carnivore de Floride, euglandine, Rosige Wolfsschnecke, rosy wolf snail
Gambusia affinis (fish) English françaisGambusia affinis is a small fish native to the fresh waters of the eastern and southern United States. It has become a pest in many waterways around the world following initial introductions early last century as a biological control agent for mosquitoes. In general, it is considered to be no more effective than native predators of mosquitoes. The highly predatory mosquito fish eats the eggs of economically desirable fish and preys on and endangers rare indigenous fish and invertebrate species. Mosquito fish are difficult to eliminate once established, so the best way to reduce their effects is to control their further spread. One of the main avenues of spread is continued, intentional release by mosquito-control agencies. G. affinis is closely related to he eastern mosquito fish (G. holbrooki), which was formerly classed as a sub-species. Their appearance, behaviour and impacts are almost identical, and they can therefore be treated the same when it comes to management techniques. Records of G. affinis in Australia actually refer to G. holbrooki.Barkaleci, Dai to ue, Gambusia, Gambusie, Gambusino, Gambuzia, Gambuzia pospolita, Gambuzija, guayacon mosquito, Isdang canal, Kadayashi, Koboldkärpfling, Kounoupopsaro, live-bearing tooth-carp, Mosquito fish, Obyknovennaya gambuziya, pez mosquito, San hang ue, Silberkärpfling, tes, Texaskärpfling, Topminnow, western mosquitofish, Western mosquitofishFundulus inurus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882), Gambusia affinis affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853), Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853), Gambusia gracilis Girard, 1859, Gambusia humilis Günther, 1866, Gambusia patruelis (Baird & Girard, 1853), Haplochilus melanops Cope, 1870, Heterandria affinis Baird & Girard, 1853, Heterandria patruelis Baird & Girard, 1853, Zygonectes brachypterus Cope, 1880, Zygonectes gracilis (Girard, 1859), Zygonectes inurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882, Zygonectes patruelis (Baird & Girard, 1853)
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (fish) EnglishHypophthalmichthys molitrix is a carp, native to Asia. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have been introduced around the world for aquaculture purposes and also for controlling excessive growth of phytoplankton in natural waters. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have the potential to reduce native diversity by competing for and depleting zooplankton populations, altering the food web. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix have also been found to carry and transmit the disease Salmonella typhimurium.amour argenté, asimokyprinos, ballgjeri i bardhe, belli-gende, belyi tolstolob, belyi tolstolobik, bin ue, byal tolstolob, carpa argentata, carpa plateada, carpa-prateada, carpe argentée, carpe asiatique, carpe chinoise, Chinese schemer, cho ue, crap argintiu, crap-chinezesc-argintiu, fehér busa, fytofag, hakuren, hopeapaksuotsa, kap perak, kasaf, kopur noqreai, lin ue, phytophague, pla leng hea, pla leng heu, pla lin, pla pae long, pla pin hea, pla pin heu, silberkarpfen, silver carp, silverkarp, silwerkarp, sølvkarpe, Sølvkarpe, tolpyga, tolpyga biala, tolstolob, tolstolob biely, tolstolobik, tolstolobik bílý, tolstolobik obecný, tongsan putih, toplyga biala, tovstolob zvychajnyi, zilverkarperAbramocephalus microlepis Steindachner, 1869 , Cephalus mantschuricus Basilewsky, 1855 , Hypophthalmichthys dabry Guichenot, 1871 , Hypophthalmichthys dybowskii Herzenstein, 1888 , Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) , Hypothalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) , Hypothamicthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) , Leuciscus hypophthalmus Richardson, 1945 , Leuciscus molitrix Valenciennes, 1844 , Onychodon mantschuricus Basilewsky, 1872
Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (fish) EnglishHypophthalmichthys nobilis commonly known as bighead carp are native to Asia. They have been introduced around the world for aquaculture purposes. They are also used to control excessive growths of phytoplankton in natural waters. These species have the potential to reduce native diversity by competing for and depleting zooplankton populations thus altering the food web. H. nobilis have also been found to carry and transmit various diseases. H. nobilis is also known by its synonym Aristichthys nobilis.amour à grosse tête, amour marbré, ballgjeri laraman, belli-gende, big head, bighead, bighead carp, boon tau ue, cá mè hoa, carpa cabeza grande, carpa cabezona, carpa dalla testa grande, carpe à grosse tête, carpe chinoise, carpe marbrée, crap argintiu nobil, dai tau, fa lin, gefleckter silberkarpfen, grootkopkarper, Hak lin, kap kepala besar, kapoor-e-sargondeh, kokuren, marmarokyprinos, marmoripaksuotsa, marmorkarp, marmorkarpe, marmorkarpfen, novac, pastar tolstolob, pestryi tolstolob, piestryi tolstolobik, pla song hea, pla song heu, pla tao teo, sung ue, tolpyga pstra, tolstolebec pestrý, tolstolob pestrý, tolstolobec pestrý, tolstolobik pestrý, tongsan, tovstolob strokatyiAristichthys nobilis (Richardson, 1845) , Hypophthalmichthys mantschuricus Kner, 1867 , Leuciscus nobilis Richardson, 1845
Imperata cylindrica (grass) English françaisNative to Asia, cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) is common in the humid tropics and has spread to the warmer temperate zones worldwide. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Its extensive rhizome system, adaptation to poor soils, drought tolerance, genetic plasticity and fire adaptability make it a formidable invasive grass. Increases in cogon grass concern ecologists and conservationists because of the fact that this species displaces native plant and animal species and alters fire regimes.alang-alang, blady grass, Blutgras, carrizo, cogon grass, gi, impérata cylindrique, japgrass, kunai, lalang, ngi, paille de dys, paillotte, satintail, speargrassImperata arundinacea Cirillo, Lagurus cylindricus L.
Lantana camara (shrub) English françaisLantana camara is a significant weed of which there are some 650 varieties in over 60 countries. It is established and expanding in many regions of the world, often as a result of clearing of forest for timber or agriculture. It impacts severely on agriculture as well as on natural ecosystems. The plants can grow individually in clumps or as dense thickets, crowding out more desirable species. In disturbed native forests it can become the dominant understorey species, disrupting succession and decreasing biodiversity. At some sites, infestations have been so persistent that they have completely stalled the regeneration of rainforest for three decades. Its allelopathic qualities can reduce vigour of nearby plant species and reduce productivity in orchards. Lantana camara has been the focus of biological control attempts for a century, yet still poses major problems in many regions.ach man, angel lips, ayam, big sage, blacksage, bunga tayi, cambara de espinto, cuasquito, flowered sage, lantana, lantana wildtype, largeleaf lantana, latora moa, pha-ka-krong, prickly lantana, shrub verbean, supirrosa, Wandelroeschen, white sage, wild sageCamara vulgaris, Lantana scabrida
Launaea intybacea (shrub)Interim profile, incomplete information

Bitter lettuce (Launaea intybacea) is a native of Africa and has been introduced to parts of lower Northern America, the West Indies, Central America, South America, temperate and tropical Asia. A cosmopolitan weed it is adapted to dry conditions. It is reported to be spreading rapidly in disturbed areas on Grand Cayman.
achicoria azul, bitter lettuceLactuca intybacea Jacq., Bracyrhamphus intybaceus (Jacq.) DC., Lactuca intybacea Jacq.
Leucaena leucocephala (tree) English françaisThe fast-growing, nitrogen-fixing tree/shrub Leucaena leucocephala, is cultivated as a fodder plant, for green manure, as a windbreak, for reforestation, as a biofuel crop etc. Leucaena has been widely introduced due to its beneficial qualities; it has become an aggressive invader in disturbed areas in many tropical and sub-tropical locations and is listed as one of the ‘100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species’. This thornless tree can form dense monospecific thickets and is difficult to eradicate once established. It renders extensive areas unusable and inaccessible and threatens native plants.acacia palida, aroma blanca, balori, bo chet, cassis, false koa, faux mimosa, faux-acacia, fua pepe, ganitnityuwan tangantan, graines de lin, guaje, guaslim, guaxin, horse/wild tamarind, huaxin, ipil-ipil, jumbie bean, kan thin, kanthum thect, koa-haole, kra thin, kratin, lamtoro, lead tree, leucaena, leucaena, liliak, lino criollo, lopa samoa, lusina, nito, pepe, rohbohtin, schemu, siale mohemohe, subabul, tamarindo silvestre, tangantangan, tangan-tangan, te kaitetua, telentund, tuhngantuhngan, uaxim, vaivai, vaivai dina, vaivai ni vavalangi, wild mimosa, wild tamarind, zarcillaAcacia leucocephala (Lamark) Link 1822, Leucaena glabrata Rose 1897, Leucaena glauca (L.) Benth. 1842, Mimosa leucocephala Lamark 1783
Limnocharis flava (aquatic plant) EnglishLimnocharis flava is a clump-forming, emergent aquatic plant that is native to the American continent. The Greek words "Limno" and "charis" mean "pond" and "grace", respectively. The attractiveness of this plant, with its inflourescenes of pale yellow flowers, has lead to its cultivation in gardens, which has facilitated its dispersal to new locations.cebolla de chucho, cu neo, kalmi, kengkong, keo neo, limnocharis, manja payal, paku rawan, sawah-flower rush, sawah-lettuce, velvetleaf, yellow bur-headLimnocharis emarginata H.B. & K.Pl. aequin. 1(1807)116, t.34; Micheli. In DC. Mon. Phan.3 (1881) 89., Alisma flava Linn. Sp. Pl.1 (1753) 343., Damasonium flavum (L.) Mill. Gard. Dict. ed. 8. (1768), Limnocharis laforesti Duchas. ex Griseb. Bonplandia 6:11 (1858), Limnocharis mattogrossensis O. Ktze. Rev. Gen. 3²:324 (1893), Limnocharis plumieri Rich., Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 1 (1815) 370, t.19, f.11, t.20
Ludwigia peruviana (aquatic plant) English françaisLudwigia peruviana is a wetland species that has been introduced as an ornamental for its bright yellow and showy flowers. Once established, however, it forms dense, monotypic stands along shorelines and banks and then begins to sprawl out into the water and can form floating islands of vegetation. At this point, Ludwigia peruviana can clog waterways, damage structures and dominate native vegetation.ludwigia, Peruvian primrose, Peruvian primrosebush, Peruvian primrose-willow, water-primroseJussiaea grandiflora Ruiz & Pav. , Jussiaea hirta (L.) Sw., Jussiaea macrocarpa Kunth , Jussiaea peruviana L. , Jussiaea peruviana L. forma hirsuta Hassl. , Jussiaea peruviana L. forma tomentosa Hassl. , Jussiaea peruviana L. var. australis Hassl. , Jussiaea peruviana L. var. glaberrima Donn.Sm., Jussiaea peruviana L. var. macrocarpa (Kunth) Bertoni , Jussiaea peruviana L. var. typica Munz , Jussiaea speciosa Ridl. , Jussiaea sprengeri L. H. Bailey , Ludwigia hirta (L.) M.Gómez , Ludwigia peruviana (L.) Hara var. glaberrima (Donn.Sm.) Alain , Oenothera hirta L.
Macfadyena unguis-cati (vine, climber) English françaisMacfadyena unguis-cati is a perennial, climbing liana found primarily in tropical forests. It is native to the Central and South Americas and the West Indies, but currently is represented on every continent except Antartica. It is an invasive species in much of its range and is said to be “one of the most destructive exotic vines”. Macfadyena unguis-cati effects all layers of infected forest ecosystems by rapidly spreading both vertically and horizontally across everything with which it makes contact, overwhelming both the understorey plants and the canopy trees. Macfadyena unguis-cati species becomes established quickly and is difficult to eliminate due to its rapid growth, extensive root system, and prolific seed production. Methods of manual, chemical, and biological control for Macfadyena unguis-cati are available.bejuco de gato, cat-claw creeper, catclaw-trumpet, catclawvine, cat's claw climber, cat's claw creeper, cat's claw vine, cat's-claw, claw vine, funnel-creeper, griffe à chatte, katteklouranker, liane patate, macfadyena, patte d'oiseau, paz y justicia, riffe chatte, uña de gato, yellow trumpet vineBatocydia unguis-cati (L.) Mart. ex Britt., Bignonia tweedieana Lindl., Bignonia unguis-cati L., Doxantha unguis-cati (L.) Miers
Merremia tuberosa (vine, climber) English françaisMerremia tuberosa is a climbing vine that is native to Mexico and parts of central America that has become invasive on various Pacific islands and parts of the United States. The vine overgrows tall hardwood forest canopies and smothers native trees and shrubs. Its population on Niue is reported as especially aggressive.bara- asa-gao, bejuco de golondrin, Brazilian jalap, Ceylon morning glory, foco de luz, Hawaiian wood rose, liane à tonelle, liane Gandelour, liane sultane jaune, liane-jaune, quiebra caje- te, quiebra machet, quinamacal, rosa de barranco, rose des bois, Spanish arborvine, Spanish woodbine, wood rose, xixcamátic, yellow morning-gloryBatatas tuberosa (L.) Bojer, Ipomoea tuberosa L., Operculina tuberosa (L.) Meisn.
Miconia calvescens (tree) English françaisMiconia calvescens is a small tree native to rainforests of tropical America where it primarily invades treefall gaps and is uncommon. Miconia is now considered one of the most destructive invaders in insular tropical rain forest habitats in its introduced range. It has invaded relatively intact vegetation and displaces native plants on various islands even without habitat disturbance. Miconia has earned itself the descriptions “green cancer of Tahiti" and “purple plague of Hawaii". More than half of Tahiti is heavily invaded by this plant. Miconia has a superficial root system which may make landslides more likely. It shades out the native forest understorey and threatens endemic species with extinction.bush currant, cancer vert, cancer vert, miconia, purple plague, velvet treeCyanophyllum magnificum Groenland 1859, Miconia magnifica Triana 1871
Mikania micrantha (vine, climber) English françaisMikania micrantha is a perennial creeping climber known for its vigorous and rampant growth. It grows best where fertility, organic matter, soil moisture and humidity are all high. It damages or kills other plants by cutting out the light and smothering them. A native of Central and South America, M. micrantha was introduced to India after the Second World War to camouflage airfields and is now a major weed. It is also one of the most widespread and problematic weeds in the Pacific region. Its seeds are dispersed by wind and also on clothing or hair.American rope, Chinese creeper, Chinesischer Sommerefeu, fue saina, liane americaine, mile-a-minute weed, ovaova, usuvanua, wa bosucu, wa mbosuthu, wa mbosuvu, wa mbutako, wa ndamele
Mimosa pigra (shrub) English françaisMimosa pigra is invasive, especially in parts of South East Asia and Australia. It reproduces via buoyant seed pods that can be spread long distances in flood waters. Mimosa pigra has the potential to spread through natural grassland floodplain ecosystems and pastures, converting them into unproductive scrubland which are only able to sustain lower levels of biodiversity. In Thailand Mimosa pigra blocks irrigation systems that supply rice fields, reducing crop yield and harming farming livelihoods. In Vietnam it has invaded unique ecosystems in protected areas, threatening the biodiversity of seasonally inundated grasslands.bashful plant, catclaw, catclaw mimosa, chi yop, columbi-da-lagoa, eomrmidera, espino, giant sensitive plant, giant sensitive tree, giant trembling plant, juquiri, juquiri grand, kembang gajah, mai yah raap yak, maiyarap ton, malicia-de-boi, mimosa, mimose, putri malu, semalu gajah, sensitiva, trinh nu nhon, una de gato, xao hoMimosa pellita
Oncorhynchus mykiss (fish) English françaisOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) are one of the most widely introduced fish species in the world. Native to western North America, from Alaska to the Baja Peninsula, Oncorhynchus mykiss have been introduced to numerous countries for sport and commercial aquaculture. Oncorhynchus mykiss is highly valued as a sportfish, with regular stocking occurring in many locations where wild populations cannot support the pressure from anglers. Concerns have been raised about the effects of introduced trout in some areas, as they may affect native fish and invertebrates through predation and competition.Alabalik, Alabalik türü, Amerikaniki Pestrofa, Aure, Baiser, Baja California rainbow trout, Brown trout, Coast angel trout, Coast rainbow trout, Coast range trout, Dagova pastarva, Forel rajduzhna, Forelle, Hardhead, Kamchatka steelhead, Kamchatka trout, Kamloops, Kamloops trout, Kirjolohi, K'wsech, Lord-fish, Masu, Nijimasu, Orret, Pastrva, Pestropha, pstrag teczowy, Pstrag teczowy , Pstruh duhový, Pstruh dúhový, rainbow trout, Rainbow trout , Redband, redband trout, Regenbogenforelle, Regenbogenforelle , Regenboogforel, Regnbåge, Regnbågslax, Regnbogasilungur, Regnbueørred, Regnbueørret, Salmon trout, Salmones del Pacífico, Silver trout, Stahlkopfforelle, Stålhovedørred, Steelhead, steelhead trout, Steelhead trout , Summer salmon, Sxew'k'em, Trofta ylberi, Trofte ylberi, Trota, Trota iridea, Trucha, trucha arco iris, Trucha arco iris , Trucha arcoiris, truite arc-en-ciel, Truta , Truta-arco-iris, UrriöiFario gairdneri (Richardson, 1836), Onchorrhychus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792), Oncorhynchus kamloops (Jordan, 1892), Oncorhynchus mykiss nelsoni (Evermann, 1908), Parasalmo mykiss (Walbaum, 1792), Salmo gairdneri irideus (Gibbons, 1855), Salmo gairdneri shasta (Jordan, 1894), Salmo gairdneri (Richardson, 1836), Salmo gairdnerii gairdnerii (Richardson, 1836), Salmo gairdnerii irideus (Gibbons, 1855), Salmo gairdnerii (Richardson, 1836), Salmo gilberti (Jordan, 1894), Salmo iridea (Gibbons, 1855), Salmo irideus argentatus (Bajkov, 1927), Salmo irideus (Gibbons, 1855), Salmo kamloops whitehousei (Dymond, 1931), Salmo kamloops (Jordan, 1892), Salmo masoni (Suckley, 1860), Salmo mykiss (Walbaum, 1792), Salmo mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) , Salmo nelsoni (Evermann, 1908), Salmo purpuratus (Pallas, 1814), Salmo rivularis kamloops (Jordan, 1892), Salmo rivularis (Ayres, 1855), Salmo stellatus (Girard, 1856), Salmo truncatus (Suckley, 1859)
Oreochromis mossambicus (fish) English françaisOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) has spread worldwide through introductions for aquaculture. Established populations of Oreochromis mossambicus in the wild are as a result of intentional release or escapes from fish farms. Oreochromis mossambicus is omnivorous and feeds on almost anything, from algae to insects.blou kurper, common tilapia, fai chau chak ue, Java tilapia, kawasuzume, kurper bream, malea, mojarra, mosambik-maulbrüter, Mozambikskaya tilapiya, Mozambique cichlid, Mozambique mouth-breeder, Mozambique mouthbrooder, Mozambique tilapia, mphende, mujair, nkobue, tilapia, tilapia del Mozambique, tilapia du Mozambique, tilapia mossambica, tilapia mozámbica, trey tilapia khmao, weißkehlbarsch, wu-kuo yuChromis dumerilii Steindachner, 1864, Chromis natalensis Weber, 1897, Chromis vorax Pfeffer, 1893, Sarotherodon mossambicus (Peters, 1852), Tilapia arnoldi Gilchrist & Thompson, 1917, Tilapia mossambica (Peters, 1852)
Oreochromis spp. (fish) EnglishTilapia (Oreochromis spp.) is the common name applied to three genera of fish in the family Cichlidae: Oreochromis, Sarotherodon and Tilapia. These include over 70 species of fish, at least eight of which are used for aquaculture. Tilapia belong to a family of fish known as cichlids, among which most African members are mouthbrooders. The cage culturing of tilapia results in a reduction of water quality in the surrounding environment, which is particularly worrying when close to ecologically important areas. The unavoidable escape and establishment of wild tilapia from cages has sometimes resulted in other serious problems, such as the decline of culturally valued native fish species, particularly cichlids, and the alteration of natural benthic communities.boulti, freshwater snapper, mojara, ngege , pla nil, St. Peters fish, tilapia
Paratrechina longicornis (insect) English françaisParatrechina longicornis (the crazy ant) is a tramp ant, which, by definition, is an ant that is widely dispersed through commerce and other human-assisted avenues. It is extremely easy to identify by observing its rapid and erratic movements. Paratrechina longicornis is highly adaptable to various environments and can be a major pest. It occurs in large numbers in homes or outdoors and is capable of displacing other ants and possibly other invertebrates. Paratrechina longicornis forages over long distances away from its nest, making the nest hard to find and the ants difficult to control.crazy ant , hairy ant , higenaga-ameiro-ari , long-horned ant, slender crazy antFormica gracilescens Nylander (1856) , Formica longicornis Latreille (1802) , Formica vagans Jerdon (1851) , Paratrechina currens Motschoulsky (1863) , Paratrechina longicornis (Latreille) (1925), Prenolepis (Nylanderia) longicornis Emery (1910) , Prenolepis longicornis Roger (1863) , Tapinoma gracilescens F. Smith (1858)
Passiflora tarminiana (vine, climber) English français Passiflora tarminiana is an aggressively invasive tropical vine native to the Andes. It invades disturbed areas, smothers trees, reduces biodiversity and assists other invasive species, such as feral pigs, which feed on the fruit. Biological control programmes trialled in Hawaii have had very encouraging results, and New Zealand is now looking at introducing biocontrol agents. Passiflora tarminiana is a newly-described species, so older references to Passiflora mollissima (now Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima (Kunth) Holm Nielsen & Jørgensen)) may in fact be referring to Passiflora tarminiana.banana passion flower, banana passion vine, banana passionfruit, banana poka, bananadilla, curuba, curuba ecuatoriana, curuba india, curuba quiteña, gulián, tacso amarillo, tumboPassiflora mixta, Passiflora mollissima
Pheidole megacephala (insect) English françaisPheidole megacephala is one of the world's worst invasive ant species. Believed to be native to southern Africa, it is now found throughout the temperate and tropical zones of the world. It is a serious threat to biodiversity through the displacement of native invertebrate fauna and is a pest of agriculture as it harvests seeds and harbours phytophagous insects that reduce crop productivity. Pheidole megacephala are also known to chew on irrigation and telephone cabling as well as electrical wires.big-headed ant, brown house-ant, coastal brown-ant, Grosskopfameise, lion antAtta testacea Smith 1858, Formica edax Forskal 1775, Formica megacephala Fabricius 1793, Myrmica laevigata F. Smith, Myrmica suspiciosa Smith 1859, Myrmica trinodis Losana 1834, Oecophthora perniciosa Gerstacker 1859, Oecophthora pusilla Heer 1852, Pheidole janus F. Smith, Pheidole laevigata Mayr
Pomacea canaliculata (mollusc) EnglishPomacea canaliculata is a freshwater snail with a voracious appetite for water plants including lotus, water chestnut, taro and rice. Introduced widely from its native South America by the aquarium trade and as a source of human food, it is a major crop pest in south east Asia (primarily in rice) and Hawaii (taro) and poses a serious threat to many wetlands around the world through potential habitat modification and competition with native species.apple snail, channeled apple snail, Gelbe Apfelschnecke, golden apple snail, golden kuhol, miracle snailAmpullaria canaliculata Lamarck, 1822
Porcellio scaber (crustacean)Iterim profile, incomplete information

The terrestrial crustacean Porcellio scaber was first recorded on the sub-Antarctic Marion Island during a survey in April 2001. Searches conducted between September 2001 and April 2002 yielded as many as 391 specimens including gravid females. There are concerns that P. scaber may have an impact on native invertebrates in its introduced range. For example, Gough Island's only indigenous terrestrial isopod Styloniscus australis is rare in lowland habitats where the introduced terrestrial isopod P. scaber is abundant; however it is abundant on upland sites where P. scaber is rare. P. scaber may also compete with primary native detritivores on Marion Island such as Pringleophaga marioni and earthworms.
woodlouseOniscus granulatus Lamark 1818, Porcellio asper Koch 1847, Porcellio brandlii Milne-Edwardes 1840, Porcellio dubius Koch 1840, Porcellio graniger Biidde-Lund 1885, Porcellio graniger Miers 1876, Porcellio montezumaex Saussure 1857, Porcellio nigra Say 1818, Porcellio paulensis Heller 1865, Porcellio seaber Bate and Westwood 1868
Prosopis spp. (tree, shrub) English françaisMembers of the genus Prosopis spp., which are commonly known as mesquite or algarrobo, include at least 44 defined species and many hybrids. This leads to problems with identification. For this reason, information about different species in the Prosopis genus is presented in this genus-level profile. Native to the Americas, Prosopis species are fast growing, nitrogen fixing and very salt and drought tolerant shrubs or trees. Most are thorny, although thornless types are known. Animals eat the pods and may spread seeds widely. Trees develop a shrubby growth form if cut or grazed. The four main species that have presented problems as weeds world-wide are P. glandulosa and P. velutina in more subtropical regions and P. juliflora and P. pallida in the truly tropical zone.acacia de Catarina, aguijote negro, algaroba, algarobeira, algarobeira, algarroba, algarroba, algarrobo, algarrobo, algarrobo americano, algarrobo del Brasil, algarrobo forragero, anchipia guaiva, angrezi bavaliya , aroma, aroma americana, aromo, arómo, baron, bayahon, bayahon, bayahonda, bayahonda blanca, bayahonde, bayahonde, bayahonde française, bayarone, bayawonn, bayawonn française, belari jari, bohahunda, cambrón, campeche, caóbano gateado, carbón, carobier, cashaw, cashew, catzimec, chachaca, chambron, cojí wawalú, cuida, cují, cují amarillo, cují negro, cují yague, cují yaque, cujicarora , dakkar toubab , espinheiro, espino negro, espino real, espino ruco, eterai, gando baval , gaudi maaka, ghaf, guarango, guatapaná, huarango, indjoe, indju, kiawe, kuigi, lebi , maíz criollo, manca-caballo, mareño, mastuerzos, mathenge, mesquite, mesquite, mesquite, mesquite, mesquit-tree, Mexican thorn, mezquite, mezquite, mugun kawa, nacascol, nacasol, palo de campeche, plumo de oro, qui, screwbeans, shejain kawa , shouk shami, spinho, taco, thacco, tornillos, trupi, trupillo, uweif , vallahonda, velikaruvel, velimullu, vilayati babool, vilayati babul, vilayati babul, vilayati jand, vilayati khejra, vilayati kikar, vilayati kikar , wawahi, yaque, yaque blanco, yaque negro
Ricinus communis (tree, shrub) English françaisRicinus communis is a perennial shrub that can assume tree-like status if it establishes in a suitable climate. It is frequently found invading riparian areas where it displaces native vegetation. The seed of this species is toxic to variety of species including humans. Consuming only a few seeds can be fatal.agaliya, agaliya , belenivavalagi, castor, castor bean, castor-oil-plant , gelug, higuerilla, ka'apeha, kamakou, kasterolieboom, koli, la'au 'aila, lama palagi, lama palagi, lama papalagi, lepo , maskerekur, maskerekur, mbele ni vavalagi, pa'aila , pakarana, pakarani, palma-christi, pititu , ricin, rícino, Rizinus, tiairi , tiairi papa'a, tiairi popa'a, tiarili, toto ni vavalagi, toto ni vavalagi, tuitui, tuitui fua ikiiki , tuitui papa'a, uluchula skoki, uluchula skoki , utoutoRicinus africanus Willd. , Ricinus angulatus Thunb. , Ricinus armatus Haw. , Ricinus badius Rchb. , Ricinus chinensis Thunb. , Ricinus digitatus Noronha , Ricinus europaeus T.Nees , Ricinus glaucus Hoffmanns. , Ricinus hybridus Besser , Ricinus inermis Mill. , Ricinus japonicus Thunb. , Ricinus laevis DC. , Ricinus leucocarpus Bertol. , Ricinus lividus Jacq. , Ricinus macrophyllus Bertol. , Ricinus medicus Forssk. , Ricinus megalospermus Delile , Ricinus minor Mill. , Ricinus nanus Balbis , Ricinus peltatus Noronha , Ricinus purpurascens Bertol. , Ricinus rugosus Mill. , Ricinus sanguineus Groenland , Ricinus scaber Bertol. ex Moris , Ricinus speciosus Burm.f. , Ricinus spectabilis Blume , Ricinus tunisensis Desf. , Ricinus undulatus Besser , Ricinus urens Mill. , Ricinus viridis Willd. , Ricinus vulgaris Mill.
Salmo trutta (fish) English françaisSalmo trutta has been introduced around the world for aquaculture and stocked for sport fisheries. It is blamed for reducing native fish populations, especially other salmonids, through predation, displacement and food competition. It is a popular angling fish.an breac geal, aure, bachforelle, blacktail, breac geal, brook trout, brown trout, denizalabaligi, denizalasi, Europäische Forelle, finnock, forelle, galway sea trout, gillaroo, gwyniedyn, havørred, havsöring, herling, hirling, kumzha, k'wsech, lachförch, lachsforelle, lassföhren, losos taimen, losos' taimen, mahiazad-e-daryaye khazar, meerforelle, meritaimen, morska postrv, morskaya forel', orange fin, öring, orkney sea trout, ørred, ørret, pastrav de mare, peal, pstruh morsky, pstruh obecný, pstruh obecný severomorský, pstruh obycajný, salmo trota, salmon trout, sea trout, sewin, siwin, sjøaure, sjøørret, sjourrioi, taimen, thalasopestrofa, troc, troc wedrowna, trota fario, trout, trucha, trucha común, trucha marina, truita, truite brune, truite brune de mer, truite de mer, truite d'europe, truta marisca, truta-de-lago, truta-fário, truta-marisca, urriði, whiting, whitling, zeeforelFario argenteus Valenciennes, 1848, Salar ausonii parcepunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858, Salar ausonii semipunctata Heckel & Kner, 1858, Salar ausonii Valenciennes, 1848, Salar bailloni Valenciennes, 1848, Salar gaimardi Valenciennes, 1848, Salar spectabilis Valenciennes, 1848, Salmo albus Bonnaterre, 1788, Salmo albus Walbaum, 1792, Salmo brachypoma Günther, 1866, Salmo caecifer Parnell, 1838, Salmo cambricus Donovan, 1806, Salmo caspius Kessler, 1877, Salmo cornubiensis Walbaum, 1792, Salmo cumberland Lacepède, 1803, Salmo eriox Linnaeus, 1758, Salmo fario loensis Walbaum, 1792, Salmo fario major Walecki, 1863, Salmo gadoides Lacepède, 1803, Salmo gallivensis Günther, 1866, Salmo islayensis Thomson, 1873, Salmo lacustris septentrionalis Fatio, 1890, Salmo levenensis Yarrell, 1839, Salmo mistops Günther, 1866 , Salmo montana Walker, 1812, Salmo orcadensis Günther, 1866, Salmo orientalis McClelland, 1842, Salmo phinoc Shaw, 1804, Salmo polyosteus Günther, 1866, Salmo saxatilis Paula Schrank, 1798, Salmo spurius Pallas, 1814, Salmo stroemii Gmelin, 1788, Salmo sylvaticus Gmelin, 1788, Salmo taurinus Walker, 1812, Salmo trutta abanticus Tortonese, 1954, Salmo trutta ciscaucasicus Dorofeyeva, 1967, Salmo trutta ezenami (non Berg, 1948), Salmo trutta trutta Linnaeus, 1761, Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1759, Trutta fluviatilis Duhamel, 1771, Trutta marina Duhamel, 1771, Trutta marina Moreau, 1881, Trutta salmanata Ström, 1784, Trutta salmonata Rutty, 1772
Salvinia molesta (aquatic plant, herb) English françaisSalvinia molesta is a floating aquatic fern that thrives in slow-moving, nutrient-rich, warm, freshwater. A rapidly growing competitive plant, it is dispersed long distances within a waterbody (via water currents) and between waterbodies (via animals and contaminated equipment, boats or vehicles). It is cultivated by aquarium and pond owners and it is sometimes released by flooding, or by intentional dumping. S. molesta can form dense vegetation mats that reduce water-flow and lower the light and oxygen levels in the water. This stagnant dark environment negatively affects the biodiversity and abundance of freshwater species, including fish and submerged aquatic plants.Salvinia invasions can alter wetland ecosystems and cause wetland habitat loss. Salvinia invasions also pose a severe threat to socio-economic activities dependent on open, flowing and/or high quality waterbodies, including hydro-electricity generation, fishing and boat transport.

S. molesta in 2013 was elected as the one of the '100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species' to replace the Rinderpest virus which was declared eradicated in the wild in 2010
African payal , African pyle, aquarium watermoss, fougère d’eau, giant salvinia , giant salvinia , kariba weed , koi kandy, salvinia, water fern , water spanglesSalvinia auriculata Aubl.
Scaevola sericea (shrub)Beach naupaka (Scaevola sericea) is a dominant shrub species present in tropical and subtropical coastal environments, including sand dune, mangrove and seagrape habitats and ruderal land. Native to the Pacific and Indian Oceans, it has become an invasive coastal plant in sand dune ecosystems in the Cayman Islands and Florida, USA, where it forms dense monospecific mounds and out-competes and displaces native plants.aupaka, beach naupaka, half-flower, Hawaiian beach cabbage, Hawaiian half-flower, Hawaiian seagrape, huahekili, naupaka kahakai, naupaka kai, naupaka kuahiwi, Scaevola, sea lettuceScaevola frutescens (Mill.) Krause, Scaevola frutescens Krause, Scaevola frutescens var. sericea (Vahl) Merr., 1912, Scaevola koenigii Vahl, Scaevola lobelia L., Scaevola lobelia var. sericea (Vahl) Benth., 1852, Scaevola sericea var. sericea Vahl, Scaevola sericea var. taccada (Gaertn.) Thieret & B. Lipscomb, Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb., Scaevola taccada var. bryanii St. John, Scaevola taccada var. fauriei (Levl.) St. John, Scaevola taccada var. sericea (Vahl) St. John
Solenopsis geminata (insect) English françaisSolenopsis geminata has spread almost world-wide by human commerce. It usually invades open areas but can easily colonise human infrastructure and agricultural systems, such as coffee and sugarcane plantations in hot climates. Its greatest known threats are its painful sting and the economic losses due to crop damage caused by its tending of honeydew-producing insects. Solenopsis geminata is known to reduce populations of native butterfly eggs and larvae. It has the potential to displace native ant populations, but is susceptible to competitive pressures from some other ant species.aka-kami-ari, Feuerameise, fire ant, ginger ant, tropical fire antAtta clypeata (Smith), Atta coloradensis (Buckley), Atta lincecumii (Buckley), Atta rufa (Jerdon), Crematogaster laboriosus (Smith), Diplorhoptrum drewseni (Mayr), Myrmica (Monomorium) saxicola (Buckley), Myrmica glaber (Smith), Myrmica laevissima (Smith), Myrmica mellea (Smith), Myrmica paleata (Lund), Myrmica polita (Smith), Solenopsis cephalotes (Smith), Solenopsis edouardi var. bahiaensis (Santschi), Solenopsis edouardi var. perversa (Santschi), Solenopsis eduardi (Forel), Solenopsis geminata subsp. Medusa (Mann), Solenopsis geminata var. galapageia (Wheeler), Solenopsis geminata var. innota (Santschi), Solenopsis geminata var. nigra (Forel), Solenopsis germinata var. diabola (Wheeler), Solenopsis mandibularis (Westwood)
Tapinoma melanocephalum (insect) English français Tapinoma melanocephalum is known as a tramp ant as its spread around the globe has been assisted by human activities. It is highly flexible in the habitats it occupies, providing there is some form of disturbance allowing it to establish ahead of more dominant ant species, and it nests readily outdoors or indoors. Tapinoma melanocephalum is a household pest, as well as disturbing greenhouse environments and can transport pathogenic microbes in hospitals.albaricoque , awate-konuka-ari , black-headed ant, ghost ant, hormiga bottegaria , house infesting ant , tiny yellow house ant, tramp antFormica familiaris Smith, F. 1860, Formica melanocephalum Fabricius, 1793, Formica nana Jerdon, Myrmica pellucida Smith, F. 1857, Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius): Mayr, 1862, Tapinoma melanocephalum var. australe Santschi 1928, Tapinoma melanocephalum var. australis Santschi 1928
Tilapia zillii (fish) EnglishIn its native, tropical range, Tilapia zillii is important as a food fish as well as for aquaculture. Tilapia zillii provided 70% of Egypt's fish production, however outside its native range, this freshwater fish has the ability to establish itself even in highly salinated waters, only being held back by a low tolerance to cold water. Often introduced for use in aquatic weed control, Tilapia zilli can alter native benthic communities through the elimination of macrophytes and exhibits aggressive behaviour towards other fish species.akpadi sila, akpasila, amnun matzui, a-sannoh, bere, biare, biering, bugu, bulti, cichlid, didee, disiwulen, Engege, Epia, Erihere, falga, garagaza, gargaza, gba gba ferah, gbatchekede, guring, ifunu, isiswe, karfasa, karwa, ka-yainkain, kido, kokine, kpro ibre, kuda, loroto, mango fish, mojarra, mojarrita, mpupa, ngege, ngipie, ngorkei, njabb, obrouyou, pastenague boulee, perege, punavatsatilapia, redbelly tilapia, sato, sili, silla, sohn, striped tilapia, tegr-pere, tha thompo, tihil, tilapia, tome, tsokungi, ukuobu, waas, waas gnoul, wesafun, Zilles Buntbarsch, zilli's cichlid, zill's tilapiaAcerina zilli (Gervais, 1848), Chromis andreae (Gunther, 1864), Chromis coeruleomaculatus (Rochebrune, 1880), Chromis faidherbii (Rochebrune, 1880), Chromis melanopleura (Dumeril, 1861), Chromis menzalensis (Mitchell, 1895), Chromis tristrami (Gunther, 1860), Chromis zillii (Gervais, 1848), Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848), Coptodus zillii (Gervais, 1848), Glyphisidon zillii (Gervais, 1848), Haligenes tristrami (Gunther, 1860), Sarotherodon zillei (Gervais, 1848), Sarotherodon zillii (Gervais, 1848), Tilapia faidherbi (Rochebrune, 1880), Tilapia melanopleura (Dumeril, 1861), Tilapia menzalensis (Mitchell, 1895), Tilapia multiradiata (Holly, 1928), Tilapia shariensis (Fowler, 1949), Tilapia sparrmani multiradiata (Holly, 1928), Tilapia tristrami (Gunther, 1860)
Trachemys scripta elegans (reptile) English françaisThe red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) has been the most popular turtle in the pet trade with more than 52 million individuals exported from the United States to foreign markets between 1989 and 1997. Despite the vast worldwide occurrence of the sliders little is known of their impact on indigenous ecosystems, clearly research and education on the dangers of releasing pet turtles into the wild are needed. Their omnivorous diet and ability to adapt to various habitats, gives them great potential for impacting indigenous habitats. Buchstaben-Schmuckschildkröte, Krasnoukhaya cherepakha, Nordamerikansk terrapin, punakorvakilpikonna, punakõrv-ilukilpkonn, raudonausis vežlys , raudonskruostis vežlys, red-eared slider, red-eared slider terrapin, rödörad vattensköldpadda, rødøret terrapin, rødøreterrapin , Rotwangen-Schmuckschildkroete, Rotwangen-Schmuckschildkröte , sarkanausu brunurupucis, slider, tortue à tempe rouge, tortue de Floride, zólw czerwonolicy, zólw czerwonouchy, zólw ozdobnyChrysemys scripta (Boulenger 1889), Chrysemys scripta var. elegans Boulenger 1889, Emys elegans Wied 1839, Emys holbrooki Gray 1844, Emys sanguinolenta Gray1855, Pseudemys scripta elegans Stebbins 1985, Pseudemys scripta (Jordan 1899), Testudo scripta Schoepff, 1792, Trachemys lineata Gray 1873
Triadica sebifera (tree) English françaisTriadica sebifera is a tree in the Euphorbiaceae family which typically reaches a maximum height of 15m at maturity. It is adapted to a variety of disturbed sites and a wide range of soil conditions. Triadica sebifera aggressively displaces native plants and forms monospecific stands within decades of its appearance. It is also able to alter nutrient cycles by enhancing productivity in ecosystems by the addition of nitrogen and phosphorous from the rapid decay of its leaves which produce tannins. Triadica sebifera is shade, sun, drought, flood, freeze and salt tolerant and is also suspected of reducing nesting habitat for a variety of avian species. Management of this species is an arduous process and not suitable for all infested sites.árbol del sebo, arbre à suif, boiré, candleberry-tree, chicken tree, Chinese tallow, Chinesischer talgbaum, Florida aspen, popcorn tree, tallow tree, vegetable tallow, white waxberryCroton sebiferum L, Excoecaria sebifera Müll. Arg, Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb, Stillingia sebifera (L.) Michx, Triadica sinensis Lour
Trogoderma granarium (insect) EnglishTrogoderma granarium are considered a pest of considerable impact to stored foodstuffs. It maintains its presence in food storage in very low numbers and is able to survive long periods of time in an inactive state.escarabajo khapra, khapra beetle, khaprakäfer, trogoderma (dermeste) du grainTrogoderma afrum Priesner, Trogoderma khapra Arrow, Trogoderma quinquefasciata Leesberg
Ulex europaeus (tree, shrub) English françaisUlex europaeus is a spiny, perennial, evergreen shrub that grows in dense and impenetrable thickets which exclude grazing animals. It is common in disturbed areas, grasslands, shrublands, forest margins, coastal habitats and waste places. Ulex europaeus is a very successful and tenacious plant once it becomes established and is extremely competitive, displacing cultivated and native plants, and altering soil conditions by fixing nitrogen and acidifying the soil. It creates an extreme fire hazard due to abundant dead material and its oily, highly flammable foliage and seeds. Soil is often bare between individual plants, which increases erosion on steep slopes where Ulex europaeus has replaced grasses or forbs. Spiny and mostly unpalatable when mature, Ulex europaeus reduces pasture quality where it invades rangeland. Ulex europaeus understorey in cultivated forests interferes with operations; increasing pruning and thinning costs and can interfere with the growth of conifer seedlings.ajonc, ajonc d'Europe, bois jonc, chacay, furze, Gaspeldoorn, genêt, Ginestra spinosa, gorse, jonc marin, kolcolist zachodni, picapica, Stechginster, Tojo, vigneau, vIrish furze, whin, zépinard des hauts
Vibrio cholerae (micro-organism)Vibrio cholerae is the bacteria that causes cholera; a potentially epidemic and life-threatening secretory diarrhea characterised by numerous, voluminous watery stools, often accompanied by vomiting and resulting in hypovolemic shock and acidosis. It can also cause mild or unapparent infections. Vibrio cholerae occurs in both marine and freshwater habitats in mutualistic associations with aquatic animals. Vibrio cholerae is endemic or epidemic in areas with poor sanitation; it occurs sporadically or as limited outbreaks in developed countries. Cholera is transmitted by the fecal-oral route. In coastal regions it may persist in shellfish and plankton. Long-term convalescent carriers are rare.Asiatic cholera, epidemic cholera
Ziziphus mauritiana (tree, shrub) English françaisZiziphus mauritiana is widely cultivated in dry areas throughout the tropics. It tolerates extremely dry habitats and is an extremely valuable tree for people that live in such climates. Ziziphus mauritiana has a multitude of uses, including culinary and medicinal. It can form dense stands and become invasive in some areas, including Fiji and Australia. In Australia Ziziphus mauritiana has the capacity to greatly expand its current range in northern and northeastern Australia. The main industry affected is the cattle industry but Ziziphus mauritiana also has environmental impacts in woodland and savanna ecosystems.appeldam, aprin, baer, baher, bahir, bedara, ber, bor, Chinee apple, Chinese apple, Chinese date, coolie plum, crabapple, dindoulier, dunk, dunks, dunks, gingeolier, Indian cherry, Indian jujube, Indian plum, jujube, jujube, jujube du pays, jujubier, jujubier, jujubier indien, liane croc chien, Malay jujube, mangustine, manzana (apple), manzanas, manzanita, manzanita (little apple), masson, ma-tan, perita haitiana, petit pomme, phutsa, pomme malcadi, pomme surette, ponsigne, prune Saint Paul, putrea, tao, tao nhuc, widara, widara, yuyubi, yuyuboRhamnus jujuba L., Rhamnus mauritiana Soyer-Willemet, Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Lam., non P. Mill., Ziziphus aucheri Boiss., Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn., Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn. var. fruticosa Haines, Ziziphus jujuba (L.) Gaertn. var. stenocarpa Kuntze, Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. var. deserticola A. Chev., Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. var. orthacantha (DC.) A. Chev., Ziziphus orthacantha DC, Ziziphus poiretii G. Don, Ziziphus rotundata DC.
Zosterops japonicus (bird) EnglishZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye) is a small songbird that has been introduced to the Pacific region from Asia. It is an arboreal species that can be found in a wide variety of habitats. It is known to consume the fruit of certain species of invasive plants and aids in their dispersal. There is reason to believe that some competition may occur between Zosterops japonicus and native bird species that inhabit similar ecological niches, but current research has found very little evidence of negative impact.Japanese white-eye, mejiros
Acanthophora spicifera (alga) English françaisAcanthophora spicifera is a red algae which is found in most tropical or subtropical seas of the world. Its plastic morphology allows it to adapt to a variety of environmental conditions, and hence it can invade a diverse range of habitats. It is an alien invasive species in Hawaii. It is amongst the most successful alien algal species in this region, where it may modify native communities and compete with native algae.bulung tombong bideng, culot, red alga, spiny alga, spiny seaweedAcanthophora antillarum Montagne ex Kützing 1865, Acanthophora intermedia Crouan, Acanthophora orientalis J. Agardh 1863, Acanthophora orientalis var. wightii (J. Agardh) Sonder 1879, Acanthophora spicifera f. orientalis (J.Agardh) Weber-van Bosse 1923, Acanthophora spicifera f. wightii (J. Agardh) Weber-van Bosse 1923, Acanthophora spicifera var. orientalis (J. Agardh) Zaneveld 1956, Acanthophora thierryi f. gracilis P.L. Crouan & H.M. Crouan 1878, Acanthophora thierryi J.V. Lamouroux 1813, Acanthophora wightii J. Agardh 1863, Chondria acanthophorara C. Agardh 1822, Fucus acanthophorus J.V. Lamouroux 1805, Fucus spicifer M. Vahl 1802
Adenanthera pavonina (tree) English françaisA medium-sized tree up to 15m high, Adenanthera pavonina is native to India and Malaysia. It has been planted extensively throughout the tropics as an ornamental and has become naturalised in many countries. It invades intact, undisturbed hardwood forests as well as disturbed sites and can quickly form large colonies.arbre collier, bead tree, bois de condori, bois noir de Bourbon, bois noir rouge, carolina, colales, coral bean tree, culalis, false wili wili, falso-sândalo, kaikes, kolales, kulales, kulalis, la'aulopa, lera, lerendamu, lopa, metekam, metkam, metkem, mwetkwem, olho-de-pavão, paina, peacock flower-fence, peacock tree, pitipitio, pomea, red bead tree, red sandalwood tree, segavé, telengtúngd, telentundalel, vaivai, vaivainivavalangiAdenanthera gersenii Scheffer, Adenanthera polita Miq
Angiopteris evecta (fern)Angiopteris evecta is a fern native to Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Australia, and New Guinea that has established invasive populations in Hawaii, Costa Rica, and Jamaica. It is known to establish dense stands that displace and shade out native plants and reduce biodiversity in ecosystems.bersarm, demarm, dermarm, fa'agase, gase, giant fern, gwaegwae, hulufe vai, kalme, katar, king's fern, la'au fau pale, mong, mongmong, mule's foot, mule's-foot fern, nahe, nase, ne'e, oli oli, oriental vessel fern, paiued, palatao, payuit, ponga, umpaiPolypodium evectum G. Forster
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) (micro-organism) English françaisBanana bunchy top virus (BBTV) is a deadly pathogen which affects many areas of the world-wide banana industry. Infected banana plants produce increasingly smaller leaves on shorter petioles giving the plants a bunched appearance. Fruits may be distorted and plants become sterile before the whole mat (rhizome) eventually dies. The international spread of BBTV is primarily through infected planting materials.abaca bunchy top virus, banana bunchy top disease (BBTD), BBTV, bunchy top, bunchy top virus, laufeti’iti’iBanana bunchy top virus BBTV
Gracilaria salicornia (alga) English françaisThe introduction of alien algae in the marine environment is a potential threat to the health and stability of near-shore ecosystems. Gracilaria salicornia threatens coral reefs and native benthic communities in Hawaii and elsewhere. It may reduce marine species diversity and alter marine community structure.canot-canot, red algaCorallopsis cacalia Agardh, Corallopsis concrescens Reinbold, Corallopsis dichotoma Ruprecht, Corallopsis opuntia Agardh, Corallopsis salicornia Greville, Corallopsis salicornia var. minor Sonder, Gracilaria cacalia Dawson, Sphaerococcus salicornia Agardh
Mimosa pudica (herb) English françaisMimosa pudica is native to South America, but has become a pan-tropical weed. It was introduced to many countries as an ornamental plant and is still widely available for sale. Mimosa pudica has become a pest in forest plantations, cropland, orchards and pasture. Mimosa pudica is used as a medicinal plant in many regions.action plant, Almindelig mimose, attaapatti, betguen sosa, chuimui, co gadrogadro, cogadrogadro, dorme, dormidera, Gemeine Mimose, honteuse, humble plant, khadiraka, Kruidje-roer-me-niet, laajaalu, laajak, laajari, la'au fefe, Lajaalu, lajja, lajjalu, lajjavanthi, lajjavathi, lajouni, lazza bati, limemeihr, live and die, marie-honte, mateloi, mayhont, mechiuaiu, memege, mimosa, morivivi, muttidare muni, namaskaar, ngandrongandro, paope ‘avare, pikika‘a, pikika‘a, pohe ha‘avare, pope ha'avare, pua hilahila, puteri malu, rakau ‘avare, rakau ‘avarevare, rakau pikika‘a, rakau pikika‘a, Raktapaadi, reesamani, samangaa, sensitiva, sensitiva, sensitive, sensitive grass, sensitive plant, shamebush, shamelady, shameplant, shameweed, shamipatra, Sinnpflanze, sleeping grass, tho kandrodandro, tho ngandrongandro, thothae jegri, ti mawi, tiare pikika‘a, tita ‘avarevare, tita ‘avarevare, tita pikika‘a, togop-togop, tottalavaadi, touch-me-not, tuitui, tuitui, tuntokasvi, vao fefe, vao fefe, vao tuitui, vergonzosaMimosa pudica L. var. tetranda (Willd.) DC., Mimosa pudica L. var. unijuga (Duch. and Walp.) Griseb, Mimosa tetranda Humb. and Bonpl. ex Willd., Mimosa unijuga Duch. and Walp.
Paspalum vaginatum (grass) EnglishPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) is a North American grass which now has a pantropical distribution. It has been widely used for landscaping and revegetation and is a common turf grass on golf courses. Paspalum vaginatum has naturalised in coastal salt marshes where it changes the composition of vegetation and in some cases dominates, impacting on fauna communities and estuarine hydrology.biscuit grass, capim-paturá, grama de costa, grama de mar, grama-rasteira, gramilla, gramilla blanca, gramón, herbe rampante, jointgrass, kambutu, knot grass, knottweed, matie, mauku ta‘atai, mauku vairakau, mosie kalalahi, mutia, mutie, salt grass, saltwater couch, saltwater paspalum, seashore crowngrass, seashore grass, seashore paspalum, silt grass, swamp couch, water couch, wujoojkatejukjukDigitaria foliosa Lag. , Digitaria tristachya (Leconte) Schult., Digitaria vaginata (Sw.) Magnier, Panicum littorale (R.Br.) Kuntze, Panicum vaginatum (Sw.) Gren. & Godr., Paspalum gayanum E. Desv., Paspalum boryanum C. Presl, Paspalum distichum L. subsp. vaginatum (Sw.) Maire, Paspalum distichum L. var. littorale (R.Br.) F.M.Bailey, Paspalum distichum L. var. nanum (Döll) Stapf, Paspalum distichum L. var. tristachyum (Leconte) A.W.Wood, Paspalum distichum L. var. vaginatum (Sw.) Griseb., Paspalum foliosum (Lag.) Kunth, Paspalum gayanum E.Desv., Paspalum inflatum A. Rich., Paspalum jaguaense León, Paspalum kleineanum J.Presl, Paspalum littorale R. Br., Paspalum reimarioides Chapm., Paspalum squamatum Steud., Paspalum tristachyum Leconte, Paspalum vaginatum Sw. subsp. nanum (Döll) Loxton, Paspalum vaginatum Sw. var. littorale (R.Br.) Trin. ex Büse, Paspalum vaginatum Sw. var. nanum Döll, Paspalum vaginatum Sw. var. reimarioides Chapm., Rottboellia uniflora A. Cunn., Sanguinaria vaginata (Sw.) Bubani
Phalaris arundinacea (grass) EnglishPhalaris arundinacea is a cool-season perennial grass that grows successfully in northern latitudes and can be invasive in wet habitats. Since it is tolerant of freezing temperatures and begins to grow very early in the spring, it can outcompete many other species. Any moist, fertile habitat provides good conditions for P. arundinacea. It is considered a serious threat in wet meadows, wetlands, marshes, fens, old fields, floodplains, wet prairies, roadsides and ditchbanks. The invasion is promoted by disturbances, such as ditching of wetlands, stream channels, deforestation of swamp forests, sedimentation, overgrazing and intentional planting. P. arundinacea tolerates frequent and prolonged flooding as well as submergence. It is moderately tolerant of drought and saline or alkaline soils. P. arundinacea spreads within sites by creeping rhizomes and forms dense and impenetrable mats of vegetation. New sites are colonised by seeds. P. arundinacea tolerates a small amount of shade, such as forest edges but not closed forest interiors.alpiste roseau, caniço-malhado, gardener's-garters, hierba cinta, kusa-yoshi, pasto cinto, reed Canary grass, ribbon grass, Rohrglanzgras, variegated grassPhalaris arundinacea f. variegata (Parn.) Druce, Phalaris arundinacea L. var. picta L., Phalaris japonica Steud., Phalaroides arundinacea (L.) Raeusch., Phalaroides arundinacea (L.) Raeusch. var. picta (L.) Tzvelev
Phellinus noxius (fungus)Root and crown rot caused by Phellinus noxius is pantropical in distribution. Also known as brown root rot disease, it is present in native forests but most often noticed in disturbed areas. It has a broad host range and causes major losses in timber and hardwood plantations, agroforests and landscapes. The fungus forms an infection centre and spreads from tree to tree by root contact. It can exist on decaying roots in the soil for more than 10 years.brown root rot, limu meaFomes noxius Corner, 1932
Raoiella indica (arachnid)Raoiella indica (the red palm mite) is a parasitic mite invasive in the Caribbean region; it poses a serious threat to many plant industries. Its recent invasion is referred to as the biggest mite explosion in the Americas. Already taking serious tolls on coconut, ornamental palm and orchid crops, its infestation of new species and spread to new locations makes it one the most menacing pests to the Western tropics.coconut mite, coconut red mite, frond crimson mite, leaflet false spider mite, red date mite, red palm mite, scarlet mite
Rubus moluccanus (vine, climber, shrub) English françaisRubus moluccanus is a member of the raspberry and blackberry family and has a wide distribution throughout South-East Asia and the Pacific. Its berries, fruit and leaves are able to be used for a variety of culinary purposes and medicinal purposes. It can spread via runners that sprout when they touch the ground and its seeds are dispersed by birds. This scrambling shrub or climber reaches 2 to 3m high and threatens native plants through overcrowding and competition and its prickly stems may pose a hazard to humans and livestock.Rubus capricorni, Rubus hillii, Rubus moluccanus var. dendrocharis
Technomyrmex albipes (insect)Native to the Indo-Pacific area, Technomyrmex albipes, commonly known as the white-footed ant, has spread to Australia, Africa, North America, Caribbean and Asia. Technomyrmex albipes are often found on cut flowers and other imported plants. It's penchant for invading houses and nesting in wall cavities distresses homeowners. The unusual colony structure of Technomyrmex albipes allows them to reproduce rapidly, especially in warm weather, reaching numbers in the millions in some locations. Management of Technomyrmex albipes is difficult when populations abound, as chemical poisons are not transferred between workers.ashijiro-hirafushi-ari, white-footed ant, white-footed house antFormica (Tapinoma) albipes Smith, Formica albipes, Tapinoma albipes (Smith), Tapinoma albitarse Motschoulsky, Tapinoma nigrum Mayr, Technomrmex albipes var. vitiensis Mann., Technomyrmex albipes st. rufescens Santschi, Technomyrmex detorquens Walker
Tubastraea coccinea (coral) English français Tubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) has been introduced to all continents except Antarctica and is thought to compete with native benthic invertebrates for space and to compromise their communities. The reduction of native sponges and native corals could also have significant flow-on effects for entire ecosystems.colonial-cup coral, orange-cup coral, orange-tube coral, tubastrée orangeAstropsammia pedersenii , Caryophyllia aurantiaca , Coenopsammia affinis , Coenopsammia aurea , Coenopsammia coccinea , Coenopsammia ehrenbergiana, Coenopsammia manni , Coenopsammia radiata, Coenopsammia tenuilamellosa , Coenopsammia urvillii , Coenopsammia willeyi , Dendrophyllia affinis , Dendrophyllia aurantiaca , Dendrophyllia danae , Dendrophyllia ehrenbergiana , Dendrophyllia manni , Dendrophyllia surcularis , Dendrophyllia turbinata , Dendrophyllia willeyi , Lobophyllia aurea , Placopsammia darwini , Tubastraea aurea , Tubastraea pedersenii , Tubastraea tenuilamellosa, Tubastraea willeyi
Watersipora subtorquata (bryozoan)Watersipora subtorquata (d’Orbigny, 1852) is a loosely encrusting bryozoan. It is tolerant to copper based anitfouling coatings and is infamous for fouling ships hulls and facilitating the fouling and spread of other marine invasives. Watersipora subtorquata is considered cosmopolitan and widely invasive among cool temperate water ports. Preventative measures are the only practical means of control at this time.
Xylosandrus compactus (insect) EnglishOriginally from Asia, Xylosandrus compactus has spread to many coffee growing areas throughout the world where it causes damage not only to agricultural crops, but also to native forest trees. Beetles (Coleoptera) in the family Scolytidae, to which Xylosandrus compactus belongs, are among the most damaging insects worldwide. Because most scolytids breed under bark or inside wood, it has long been recognised that scolytids can easily be moved through international trade.ambrosia beetle, black twig borer, Dunkler-Holzbohrer
Abrus precatorius (shrub)Interim profile, incomplete information

Abrus precatorius a legume, is a nitrogen fixer and where present in large stands can alter soil nutrient status. It is also suspected to have allelopathic effects that could alter native species recruitment.
alcaçuz-da-américa, assacumirim, coral bead plant, crab's eye, fuefue laulili‘i, guen léglise, Indian-licorice, jequerity, jequiriti, jequirity-bean, kaikes en iak, kirikiri rangi, kolales halomtano, koviriviri mata-tako, lele, lere ndamu, licorice-vine, love-bean, lucky-bean, mata‘ila, matamoe, matamoho, matamoso, minnie-minnies, moho, ndiri ndamu, nggiri ndamu, ojos de cangrejo, olho-de-cabra-miúdo, olho-de-pombo, peronías, pipi tio, pitipiti‘o, pitipitio, pois rouge, pomea mataila, prayer-beads, precatory, precatory bean, pukiawe, pukiawe lei, pukiawe lenalena, pupukiawe, red-beadvine, rosary pea, rosarypea, tento, tento muido, uiui, weather plant, weather vineAbrus abrus (L.) W. Wight, Glycine abrus Linnaeus
Acridotheres tristis (bird) English françaisThe common myna (Acridotheres tristis), also called the Indian myna, is a highly commensal Passerine that lives in close association with humans. It competes with small mammals and bird for nesting hollows and on some islands, such as Hawaii and Fiji, it preys on other birds' eggs and chicks. It presents a threat to indigenous biota, particularly parrots and other birdlife, in Australia and elsewhere.brun majna, Calcutta myna, common myna, German Indischer mynah, Hirtenmaina, hjarðmænir, house myna, Indian myna, Indian mynah, kabairohakka, maina, mainá común, maina comune, mainato, majna brunatna, majna obecná, manu, manu kaomani, manu kavamani, manu rataro, manu teve, Martin triste, merle des Moluques, mynah, pihamaina, piru, talking myna, treurmainaAcridotheres tristas (Linnaeus, 1766)
Alliaria petiolata (herb) EnglishIt is believed that European settlers brought Alliaria petiolata to North America for cooking purposes. Alliaria petiolata may outcompete native herbaceous species and negatively impact ecosystems of invaded areas. Alliaria petiolata acts as a population sink for certain butterflies. Its seeds are transported by humans, on animals, and in water. Other long-distance vectors have not been identified.garlic mustard plant, garlic root, garlicwort, hedge garlic, Jack-by-the-hedge, Jack-in-the-bush, mustard root, poor man's mustard, sauce-aloneAlliaria alliaria Scop., Alliaria officinalis Andrz, Erysimum alliaria L., Sisymbrium alliaria, Sisymbrium officinalis DC
Anoplolepis gracilipes (insect) English françaisAnoplolepis gracilipes (so called because of their frenetic movements) have invaded native ecosystems and caused environmental damage from Hawaii to the Seychelles and Zanzibar. On Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean, they have formed multi-queen supercolonies. They are also decimating the red land crab (Gecarcoidea natalis) populations. Crazy ants also prey on, or interfere in, the reproduction of a variety of arthropods, reptiles, birds and mammals on the forest floor and canopy. Their ability to farm and protect sap-sucking scale insects, which damage the forest canopy on Christmas Island, is one of their more surprising attributes. Although less than 5% of the rainforest on Christmas Island has been invaded so far, scientists are concerned that endangered birds such as the Abbott’s booby (Sula abbotti), which nests nowhere else in the world, could eventually be driven to extinction through habitat alteration and direct attack by the ants.ashinaga-ki-ari, crazy ant, Gelbe Spinnerameise, gramang ant, long-legged ant, Maldive ant, yellow crazy antAnoplolepis longipes Emery 1925, Formica longipes Jerdon 1851, Plagiolepis longipes Emery 1887
Anser anser (bird)Gene-flow between Anser anser and other Anatidae bird species may threaten the genetic integrity of those species and sub-species.domestic goose, Ganso-comum, Graugans, Grauwe Gans, greylag goose, Husa velká, Merihanhi, Oca selvatica, Sery Gus, white domestic goose
Axis axis (mammal)Axis axis is an introduced species of deer from India. It has historically been introduced to various locations because of its desirable qualities as a game species. When herd populations become too large they impact local vegetation and increase erosion. They also forage on a variety of vegetation removing food sources for many native species and domestic cattle. They also carry transmissible diseases and pose an increased threat to human safety in and around highway corridors.axis deer, chital, Indian spotted deerCervus axis
Bacopa monnieri (herb)Interim profile, incomplete information

Bacopa monnieri is a small sprawling herb common in fresh and brackish waters. It is found growing in freshwater wetlands, wet pastures and margins of ponds on Grand Cayman where it is listed as an invasive species.
adha-birni, bacopa, brahmi, coastal water hyssop, gundala, herb of grace, Indian pennywort, indravalli, safed chamniBramia monnieri (L.) Drake, Gratiola monnieria L., Lysimachia monnieri L.
Bothriochloa pertusa (grass)Interim profile, incomplete information

Bothriochloa pertusa is a perenial grass that has been introduced to many Caribean islands and Australia. It has established itself in many native savannah, shrubland and riparian biotas where it is able to out compete many native species due to its ability to establish new individuals via stolon growth. In these areas it establishes dense mats and shades out any slower establishing species. In Australia it is used as a stock feed due to its ability to establish in the poor dry soils of Northern Queensland.
Antigua hay, Barbados sour grass, Comagueyana, hurricane grass, Indian couch grass, pitted beard grass, pitted bluestemAndropogon pertusus (L.) Willd, Holcus pertusus L.
Caesalpinia decapetala (tree, shrub) English françaisMysore thorn (Caesalpinia decapetala ) originates from tropical and eastern Asia but is now a serious weed in many locations such as South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Hawaii, Portugal, New Zealand and Norfolk Island. It has become a major invasive plant in South Africa and Hawaii, where it has the capability to take over large areas of agricultural land, limiting animal movement. This sprawling, thorny and noxious shrub also invades forest margins, smothering native vegetation.Arrete-boeuf, bois sappan, caniroc, cat's claw, kraaldoring, kraaldoring, liane croc chien, Mauritius thorn, mauritiusdoring, mubage, Mysore thorn, puakelekino, sappan, shoofly, thorny poinciana, ubobo-encane, ufenisi, ulozisi, wait-a-bitBiancaea decapetala (Roth), Biancaea sepiaria (Roxb.) Tod., Biancaea sepiaria (Roxb.) Todaro, Caesalpinia decapetala var. japonica (Sieb. & Zucc.), Caesalpinia sepiaria Roxb., Reichardia decapetala, Reichardia decapetala Roth
Casuarina equisetifolia (tree) English françaisCasuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen conifer-like angiosperm. It has been introduced to new locations for coastal landscaping and erosion control. It has become invasive in Florida (USA) where it interferes with prime reptile nesting sites. Casuarina aggressively colonizes sandy beaches where it forms monocultures and degrades habitat in the Cayman Islands.agoho, arbol de hierro, Australian beefwood, Australian-pine, beach she-oak, beef wood-tree, bois de fer, casuarina, coast she-oak, Eisenholz, filao, horsetailtree, ironwood, nokonoko, pin d'Australie, pinheiro-da-Austrália, pino australiano, Strandkasuarine, whistling-pineCasuarina litorea L. var. litorea, Casuarina litorea Rumpheus ex Stickman, Casuarina littorea L. ex Fosberg & Sachet
Channa marulius (fish) EnglishLittle if any documentation is available on the effects of the bullseye snakehead (Channa marulius) on native fish populations. As a predator it may affect native ichthyofauna and subsequently disrupt native food webs. It's only recorded country of introduction is the USA.ara, Augenfleck-Schlangenkopf, avalu, aviri, aviu, bhaura, bhor, bohr, bral, bullseye snakehead, chaeru-veraal, coaree Veralavuree, cobra snakehead, curuva, dowlah, gajal, gajar, gangara, giant snakehead, gozar, great snakehead, haal, hoovina-mural, Indian snakehead, intiankäärmeenpää, iru viral, kæmpe-slangehovedfisk, kalamasa, kalumaha, kubrah, madinji, maral, murrel, ngamuporom, nga-yan-daing, pa gooan, pa kouan, pba gooa, phoola-chapa, phool-mural, pla chon ngu hao, pla tjon gnoo aow, pool-a-malle, poomeenu, pumuri, pumurl, puveral, saal, sal, saul, saura, sawal, sawl, soal, trey raws, vral, zmeegolov-maruliyChanna marulia (Hamilton, 1822) , Channa marulius ara (Deraniyagala, 1945), Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822), Ophicephalus grandinosus (Cuvier, 1831), Ophicephalus leucopunctatus (Sykes, 1839), Ophicephalus marulius (Hamilton, 1822), Ophicephalus sowara (Cuvier, 1831), Ophiocephalus aurolineatus (Day, 1870), Ophiocephalus grandinosus (Cuvier, 1831), Ophiocephalus marulius ara (Deraniyagala, 1945), Ophiocephalus pseudomarulius (Günther, 1861), Ophiocephalus theophrasti (Valenciennes, 1840)
Charybdis hellerii (crustacean)Charybdis hellerii is an Indo-Pacific, portunid crab that has invaded several locations in the Mediterranean Sea, by Erythrean invasion through the Suez Canal, and the South Atlantic in the Caribbean and United States via ballast water fouling. Charybdis hellerii is a potential threat to native crab populations and benthic communities and its introduction should be avoided by adhering to ballast water management guidelines.Indo-Pacific swimming crab, Ishigani New Caledonia, New Caledonia-íshigani, spiny handsCharybdis (Goniosoma) merguiense (Alcock, 1899; Nobili, 1906, Chopra, 1935; Leene, 1973; Shen, 1937), Charybdis amboinensis (Leene, 1938), Charybdis merguiensis (Sakai, 1934; Barnard, 1950; Guinot, 1962), Charybdis vannamei Ward 1941, Goniosoma hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867), Goniosoma merguiense (DeMan, 1888), Goniosoma sexdentatum (De Man, 1879), Goniosoma spiniferum
Colubrina asiatica (shrub) EnglishIn its non-native locations, especially in coastal habitats, Colubrina asiatica aggressively outcompetes native vegetation. It is found, most often at the interface of uplands and submerged lands or between beach dune and maritime hammock. C. asiatica is also frequently found along elevated road shoulders in coastal areas, from where it can spread into adjacent natural areas. Plants grow rapidly in full sun. Its seeds are constantly dispersed at a rapid rate by ocean currents, and seed-eating birds may also ingest them as crop stones, producing a wider dispersal range. C. asiatica exhibits tremendous vegetative regeneration, including adventitious rooting from branches coming in contact with the soil and vigorous resprouting from cut or injured stems.Asian snakewood, hoop with, Indian snakewood, latherleaf, wild coffeeCeanothus asiaticus L.
Commelina benghalensis (herb) EnglishBelieved to be native only to tropical Asia and Africa, Commelina benghalensis is a widely distributed herbaceous weed that commonly invades agricultural sites and disturbed areas. Though not commonly reported to invade natural areas, this rapidly reproducing plant is considered one of the most troublesome weeds for 25 crops in 29 different countries.alikbangon, Benghal dayflower, bias-bias, blue commelina, comméline, commeline du Bengale, dayflower, gewor, golondrina, hairy honohono, hairy wandering-Jew, herbe aux cochons, Indian dayflower, kanaibashi, kanasiri, kanchara, kanchura, kaningi, kanini, kankaua, kena, konasimalu, krishnaghas, kuhasi, kulkulasi, mankawa, matalí, mau‘u Toga, mau‘u Tonga, musie matala pulu, myet-cho, sabilau, sabilau, trapoeraba, tropical spiderwort, tsuyukusa, tsuyukusa, wandering-jew, yu-je-tsaiCommelina canescens Vahl, Commelina cucullata L., Commelina delicatula Schltdl., Commelina kilimandscharica K. Schum., Commelina mollis Jacq., Commelina nervosa Burm. f., Commelina procurrens Schltdl., Commelina prostrata Regel, Commelina pyrrhoblepharis Hassk. (1867), Commelina turbinata Vahl
Corvus splendens (bird) EnglishThe house crow (Corvus splendens) has established itself in at least 25 countries. It proliferates in human settlements and disturbed habitats and is especially suited to coastal settlements. It can even penetrate harsh desert environments once man has become established there. The house crow causes problems across a range of areas, including crop and livestock sustainability and poses a risk to native avifauna. It also carries a range of human pathogens but a link with human disease is yet to be established.bæjakráka, Ceylon crow, Colombo crow, corbeau familier, cornacchia grigia indiana, corneille de l'Inde, corneja India, corvo delle case, cuervo casero, domaca vrana, gagak rumah, Glanzkrähe, gralha-indiana, grey-necked crow, Hauskrähe, hint kargasi, huiskraai, huiskraai, huskrage, huskråka, huskråke, iegarasu, Ie-garasu, Indian crow, Indian house-crow, Indijine varna, intianvaris, Kunguru Bara-Hindi, maniyan kakai, nalla kakka, õuevares, préachán binne, town crow, vrána domácí, vrana lesklá, vrána lesklá, wrona orientalna
Diaphorina citri (insect)Diaphorina citri or Asian citrus psyllid is one of the most serious pests of citrus in the world. It causes damage through direct feeding and its toxic saliva, leading to leaf distortion and curling in young tender growth. In addition the copious amounts of honeydew it excretes causes sooty molds to grow which blemish leaves and reduce photosynthesis. However it is the ability of D. citri to vector the Asian and American forms of the huanglongbing (HLB) disease which makes this so damaging. HLB is caused by phloem-restricted bacteria in the genus Candidatus Liberibacter. HLB causes chlorosis resembling zinc deficiency, twig dieback, stunting of growth and reduced fruit size and quality. Trees usually die after several years and entire orchards may be devastated. HLB seriously threatens citrus industries worldwide. At present there are no curative methods for trees infected with the bacteria, so control methods have focused on reducing D. citri populations. Control is achieved through a combination of physical, chemical and biological methods.Asian citrus psyllid, Asiatic citrus psyllid, Citrus psylla, Oriental citrus psyllid, Psilideo de l'aranjeira, Psylle de l'orangerEuphalerus citri Crawford
Dioscorea bulbifera (herb, vine, climber) EnglishDioscorea bulbifera is a highly invasive plant and presents a management problem in many parts of the world. Despite some medicinal and agricultural uses, D. bulbifera is widely characterized as an organism that outcompetes and smothers native vegetation.‘oi, aerial yam, air yam, air-potato, ápwereka, belloi, bitter yam, Brotwurzel, cheeky yam, dau fasia, dau kwasi, ellal, hoei-oepas, hoi, hoi, hoi, hoi, igname bulbifère, inhame, kaile, kaile manu, kaile ndranu, magnaheugo, mata, ñame de gunda, palai, papa voladora, pi‘oi, potato yam, pousse en l'air, pureka, puruka, pwer, pwereka, pwerh, rook, sarau, soi, wild yam, yam, Yamswurzel, yoiDioscorea hoffa Cordem., Dioscorea tamnifolia Salisb., Dioscorea bulbifera L. var. vera Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea crispata Roxb., Dioscorea dicranandra Donn.Sm., Dioscorea heterophylla Roxb., Dioscorea pulchella Roxb., Dioscorea tenuiflora Schltdl., Helmia bulbifera (L.) Kunth, Smilax decipiens Spreng.
Dioscorea oppositifolia (herb, vine, climber) EnglishDioscorea oppositifolia is a fast growing twining vine that has escaped from cultivation. It can survive in a number of different habitats and environmental conditions, but is most commonly found at the edges of rich, mesic bottomland forests, along stream banks and drainageways and near fencerows. Initial infestations are generally associated with human-caused disturbances, such as near old home sites and along roadways, and from these areas it can easily spread to nearby riparian swaths and undisturbed habitats. It can tolerate light levels ranging from full sun to full shade, but mostly grows at intermediate light levels along forest edges and it is typically found in silty loam soils. It also prefers soils that are relatively rich in nitrogen. D. oppositifolia propagules are dispersed primarily by gravity but may be dispersed further by water or by animals.Chinese yam, cinnamon vineDioscorea batatas Dcne., Dioscorea cayenensis Lam. var. pseudobatatas Hauman, Dioscorea decaisneana Carrière, Dioscorea doryphora Hance, Dioscorea opposita Thunb., nom. illeg., Dioscorea oppositifolia L. var. linnaei Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea oppositifolia L. var. meeboldtii Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea oppositifolia L. var. thwaitesii Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea polystachya Turcz., Dioscorea potaninii Prain & Burkill, Dioscorea rosthornii Diels, Dioscorea swinhoei Rolfe, Dioscorea trinervia Roxb. ex Prain & Burkill
Ficus microcarpus (tree)Interim profile, incomplete information

Ficus microcarpa is a woody plant species that is native to the Asia-Pacific region. Commonly known as Chinese banyan and the laurel fig, it is a popular ornamental tree that grows in tropical and temperate regions of the world. F. microcarpa has small, tiny seeds that are easily spread by birds, bats and rodents, and which are capable of germinating almost anywhere they land - even in cracks in concrete. F. microcarpa is considered to be a major invasive species in Hawaii, the Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands, Florida, Bermuda and Central down to South America.
Chinese banyan, curtain fig, figueira-lacerdinha, laurel fig, laurel-da-Índia, Malay banyan, rong shu, Vorhang-FeigeFicus microcarpa var. latifolia (Miq.) Corner, Ficus nitida auct., Ficus retusa auct., Urostigma accedens var. latifolia Miq.
Hemidactylus frenatus (reptile)The common house gecko is now established in at least 87 locations around the world outside of its natural range in Asia and the Indo-Pacific. Many of these new locations have been small remote islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Where the common house gecko has been introduced to islands of the Pacific Ocean, researchers have shown that this lizard has been responsible for the competitive displacement of other similar sized or smaller gecko species in urban and suburban environments. It was shown that habitat simplification and clumped food resources around artificial light sources as a result of urbanisation have enabled the common house gecko to gain an indirect competitive advantage over other nocturnal gecko species. The ability of the house gecko to persist outside of its natural range poses a threat to the survival of ecologically similar endemic geckos.Asian house gecko, Asiatischer Hausgecko, bridled house gecko, Chichak, common house gecko, geco-casero bocón, Gewöhnlicher HalbfingergeckoGecko caracal Tytler 1865, Gecko chaus Tytler 1865, Hemidactylus auritus Poeppig (in Obst) 1977, Hemidactylus bowringii Stejneger 1907: 172, Hemidactylus fraenatus Bleeker 1857, Hemidactylus fragilis Lnaza 1990, Hemidactylus fragilis Calabresi 1915, Hemidactylus frenatus Cogger 2000: 246, Hemidactylus frenatus Cox et al. 1998: 84, Hemidactylus frenatus Glaw & Vences 1994: 277, Hemidactylus frenatus Lanza 1990, Hemidactylus frenatus Liner 1994, Hemidactylus frenatus Boulenger 1885: 120, Hemidactylus frenatus De Rooij 1915: 28, Hemidactylus frenatus Manthey & Grossmann 1997: 235, Hemidactylus frenatus Schlegel in Dumeril & Bibron 1836: 366, Hemidactylus hexaspis Cope 1869: 320, Hemidactylus inornatus Hallowell 1861, Hemidactylus javanicus Fitzinger 1826 (nomen nudum), Hemidactylus longiceps Cope 1869: 320, Hemidactylus mabouia Barbour & Loveridge 1929 (partim), Hemidactylus nigriventris De Rooij 1915: 31, Hemidactylus nigriventris Lidth De Jeude 1905, Hemidactylus okinawensis Okada 1936, Hemidactylus papuensis [Macleay] 1877, Hemidactylus pumilus Hallowell 1861: 502, Hemidactylus punctatus Jerdon 1853, Hemidactylus tristis Sauvage 1879, Hemidactylus vandermeermohri Wermuth 1965, Hemidactylus vandermeer-mohri Brongersma 1928, Hemidactylus vittatus Gray 1845, Hemidactylus (Pnoepus) Bojeri Fitzinger 1843, Hemidactylys cf. frenatus Andreone et al. 2003, Pnoepus bojeri Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus caracal Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus fragilis Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus frenatus Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus frenatus Wells 2002, Pnoepus inornatus Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus papuensis Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus pumilus Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus punctatus Wells & Wellington 1985, Pnoepus vittatus Wells & Wellington 1985
Hiptage benghalensis (vine, climber, shrub) English françaisHiptage benghalensis is a native of India, Southeast Asia and the Philippines. The genus name, Hiptage, is derived from the Greek "hiptamai" which means "to fly" and refers to its unique three-winged fruit known as "samara". Due to the beautiful unique form of its flowers, it is often cultivated as a tropical ornamental in gardens. It has been recorded as being a weed in Australian rainforests and is extremely invasive on Mauritius and Réunion, where it thrives in dry lowland forests, forming impenetrable thickets and smothering native vegetation.adimurtte, adirganti, atimukta, benghalen-Liane, chandravalli, haldavel, hiptage, kampti, kamuka, liana papillon, liane cythère, liane de cerf, liane du Bengale, liane fleur d'orange, madhalata, madhavi, Madhavi, madhumalati, madmalati, ragotpiti, vasantdutiBanisteria benghalensis L., Banisteria benghalensis L., Banisteria tetraptera Sonnerat, Banisteria unicapsularis Lam., Gaertnera indica J.F.Gmel., Gaertnera obtusifolia (DC.) Roxb., Gaertnera racemosa Vahl, Hieracium × floribundum Wimm. & Grab. (pro sp.) [caespitosum × lactucella], Hiptage madablota Gaertn., Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz forma cochinchinensis Pierre, Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz forma latifolia Nied., Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz forma macroptera (Merr.) Nied., Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz forma typica Nied., Hiptage javanica Blume, Hiptage macroptera Merr., Hiptage madablota Gaertn., Hiptage malaiensis Nied., Hiptage obtusifolia DC., Hiptage pinnata Elmer, Hiptage teysmannii Arènes, Molina racemosa Cav., Succowia fimbriata Dennst., Triopteris jamaicensis L.
Ipomoea aquatica (vine, climber) English françaisIpomea aquatica is rich in iron and is used traditionally to treat gastric and intestinal disorders. However, Ipomea aquatica is highly invasive, forming dense mats over the surface of water bodies, such as lakes, ponds, marshes, canals and ditches. It is also found in very moist soils, such as the muddy banks along streams. Ipomea aquatica spreads rapidly from plant fragments and its floating seeds allow effective colonisation of new areas. Aquatic herbicides, whilst generally effective, are not specific enough to be used in many sensitive areas, making eradication very difficult.akankong, aquatic morning glory, aseri, cancon, Chinese waterspinach, kang kong, kangking, kangkong, kangkun, kangum, kankan, kankum, kongkong, lili vai, liseron d’eau, lorenzo, luve ne tombithi, ndrinikava, ota karisa, seeri, seri, swamp cabbage, swamp morning glory, te kang kong, ung-choi, wa kumala, water bindweed, water spinachConvolvulus repens Vahl, Ipomoea repens Roth, Ipomoea reptans Poiret, Ipomoea subdentata Miq.
Ligustrum robustum (tree, shrub) English françaisLigustrum robustum subsp.walkeri is a highly invasive weed in the Mascarene Achipelago in the Indian Ocean. It was introduced to Mauritius over a century ago and to La Réunion Island in the 1960s. On the oceanic islands that it has invaded, it disrupts primary forest regeneration and threatens native floral biodiversity. Its high fruit production, due to a lack of natural enemies in regions where it has invaded, has been cited as one reason for its high invasiveness.bora-bora, Ceylon privét, Sri Lankan privet, tree privet, troeneLigustrum ceylanicum Decne., 1879, Ligustrum neilgherrence Decne., 1879, Ligustrum robustum Sensu Thw., 1872, Ligustrum walkeri Decne., 1879
Limnophila sessiliflora (herb) EnglishLimnophila sessiliflora is an aquatic perennial herb that can exist in a variety of aquatic habitats. It is fast growing and exhibits re-growth from fragments. Limnophila sessiliflora is also able to shade out and out compete other submersed species. 2-4,D reportedly kills this species.ambulia, Asian marshweed, limnophila, shi long weiHottonia sessiliflora (Vahl), Terebinthina sessiliflora (Vahl) Kuntze
Lutjanus kasmira (fish) English français Lutjanus kasmira is a commercially important reef-associated tropical fish that has been introduced into Hawaii for fisheries. In introduced areas of Hawaii it has become abundant, forming dense schools. It may outcompete native fish for space, crowding them out of important refuge areas.blouband snapper, blue-banded hussar, bluebanded snapper, blueline snapper, blue-lined sea perch, bluelined snapper, blue-lined snapper fish, bluestripe seaperch, bluestripe snapper, bluestriped snapper, common bluestripe snapper, common blue-stripe snapper, common bluestriped snapper, gorara tikus, hamra, hobara, ikan nonya, irri ranna, janja, kelea, kuning-kuning, kunyit, kunyit-kunyit, madras, mbawaa, merah, naisarah, nga-wet-panni, nisar, pargo de raios azuis, pargo de rayas, pargo de rayas azules, perche à raies bleues, pla ka pong deng thab nam ngern, pla kapong, savane, taape, tanda-tanda, tembo-uzi, vali ranna, verikeechan, vivaneau à raies bleues, yellow and blue seaperch, yosuji-fuedai
Lygodium japonicum (vine, climber, fern) EnglishLygodium japonicum is a vine-like fern with a highly developed ability to climb herbs, shurbs and trees. Its invasiveness arises from its ability to climb to heights of 30m and can smother vegetation by forming dense mats which displace native species, alters fire ecology and impacts rare, threatened and endangered species.Japanese climbing fern, kani-kusa, tsuru-shinobuHydroglossum japonicum, Lygodium chaerophylloides Desv. , Lygodium dissectum, Lygodium mearnsii Copel. , Lygodium microstachyum Desv. var. glabrescens Nakai , Lygodium pubescens Kaulf. , Lygodium tenue Blume , Ophioglossum japonicum Thunb.
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (insect)Maconellicoccus hirsutus or the pink hibiscus mealybug, is a polyphagous pest on a wide range of ornamental and agricultural plant species. Native to tropical and subtropical Asia and Africa, M. hirsutus forms colonies covered by a white waxy, elastic ovisac material. Feeding causes plant deformation and lowered aesthetics, which can result in heavy economic losses. The overall potential annual cost of control and damages to the US economy from M. hirsutus has been estimated to be around US$ 700 million, with the global estimate being around US$ 5 billion. While chemical and physical control methods are generally ineffective, effective biological control of M. hirsutus has been acheived in a number of countries.cochenille de l’hibiscus, guava mealybug, hibiscus mealybug, hibiscus-schmierlaus, pink hibiscus mealybug, pink mealybugPhenacoccus hirsutus (Green)
Melia azedarach (tree, shrub) English françaisMelia azedarach is a tree of the mahogany family that is native to Australasia and often planted as an ornamental shade tree. It invades along roadways, fencerows and other disturbed areas. Melia azedarach has also been found in upland grasslands, woodlands, pastures and riparian areas. Melia azedarach requires open sun, but adapts to a wide range of soil moisture conditions. It grows between sea level and 700 metres in open dry habitats and is highly resistant to insects and other pathogens. It produces much fruit, which is consumed by birds that disperse the seeds. Melia azedarach also reproduces vegetatively by forming root suckers, which allows it to spread and form dense, thickets.‘ilinia, ‘inia, alelaila, amargoseira-do-Himalaio, arbre à chapelets, bakain, chinaberry , chuan liang zi, dake, Indian lilac, indischer Zedrachbaum, jazmin, lelah, lilas, lilas de l'Inde, lilas de Perse, lilas des Indes, margosa tree, margosier, melia, para‘isu, paraíso, Persian lilac, persischer Flieder, petit lilas, prais, pride-of-India, sendan, Sichuan pagoda-tree, sili, sita, syringa berrytree, tili, tira, umbrella tree, white cedarAntelaea javanica Gaertn. , Azedarach amena Raf. , Azedarach deleteria Medik. , Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze , Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze forma arguta (DC.) Kuntze, Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze forma longifoliola Kuntze , Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze forma sambucina (Blume) Kuntze, Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze forma squamulosa (C.DC.) Kuntze, Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze forma subdentata Kuntze , Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze forma typica Kuntze , Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze var. australasica (Juss.) Kuntze, Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze var. dubia (Cav. ex M.Roem.) Kuntze, Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze var. glabrior Kuntze , Azedarach sempervirens Kuntze forma incisodentata Kuntze , Azedarach speciosa Raf. , Azedarach vulgaris M.Gómez , Melia angustifolia Schumach. , Melia arguta DC. , Melia australasica Juss. , Melia australis Sweet, Melia azedarach L. forma albiflora Makino , Melia azedarach L. forma umbraculifera (G.Knox) Rehder, Melia azedarach L. subvar. intermedia Makino , Melia azedarach L. subvar. semperflorens (Makino) Makino, Melia azedarach L. var. acuminatissima Miq. , Melia azedarach L. var. australasica (Juss.) C.DC., Melia azedarach L. var. biglandulosa Pierre ex Pellegr. , Melia azedarach L. var. cochinchinensis (Pierre) Pellegr., Melia azedarach L. var. floribunda (Carrière) Morren, Melia azedarach L. var. glabrior C.DC. , Melia azedarach L. var. glandulosa Pierre , Melia azedarach L. var. incisa Miq. , Melia azedarach L. var. intermedia (Makino) Makino, Melia azedarach L. var. japonica (G.Don) Makino, Melia azedarach L. var. javanica Koord. & Valeton , Melia azedarach L. var. sambucina (Blume) Miq., Melia azedarach L. var. sempervirens L. , Melia azedarach L. var. squamulosa C.DC. , Melia azedarach L. var. subtripinnata Miq. , Melia azedarach L. var. umbraculifera G.Knox , Melia azedarach L. var. umbraculiformis Berckmans & L.H.Bailey , Melia azedarach L. var. umbraculifera Knox , Melia azedarach var. japonica (G. Don) Makino , Melia birmanica Kurz , Melia bogoriensis Koord. & Valeton , Melia candollei Juss. , Melia cochinchinensis M.Roem. , Melia commelinii Medik. , Melia composita Willd. , Melia composita Willd. var. cochinchinensis Pierre , Melia dubia Cav. ex M.Roem. , Melia floribunda Carrière , Melia florida Salisb. , Melia guineensis G.Don , Melia hasskarlii K.Koch , Melia japonica G.Don , Melia japonica G.Don var. semperflorens Makino , Melia japonica G.Don var. squamulosa C.DC. , Melia japonica Hassk. , Melia japonica var. semperflorens Makino, Melia javanica M.Roem. , Melia orientalisM.Roem. , Melia robusta Roxb. ex G.Don , Melia sambucina Blume , Melia sempervirens Sw., Melia superba Roxb. , Melia toosendan Siebold & Zucc.
Monomorium destructor (insect)Monomorium destructor (the Singapore ant) is described as a tramp ant as it is renowned for transporting itself around the world via human commerce and trade. Monomorium destructor is known to cause extensive economic damage in urban environments by gnawing holes in fabric and rubber goods, removing rubber insulation from electric and phone lines and damaging polyethylene cable.destructive trailing ant , Mizo-hime-ari, Singapore antAtta destructor Jerdon, Monomorium basale (Smith)., Monomorium ominosa (Gerstaecker), Myrmica atomaria Gerstaecker, Myrmica basalis Smith, Myrmica gracillima Smith, Myrmica ominosa Gerstaecker, Myrmica vexator Smith
Monomorium floricola (insect)Interim profile, incomplete information

The primarily arboreal flower ant (Monomorium floricola) is one of the world's most broadly distributed tramp ants. Most occurrence records of M. floricola are in tropical and sub-tropical regions from latitudes above 30 degrees; populations in latitudes above 35 degrees are found in heated buildings or inside greenhouses. M. floricola has been identified as a significant arboreal predator of insect eggs; in Guam it is recognised as one of three most important ant species attacking eggs of native butterflies resulting in their reduced populations.
bicoloured trailing ant, Braunrote Blutenameise, brownish-red flower ant, floral ant , flower ant, futairo-hime-ariMonomorium angusticlava Donisthorpe, 1947, Monomorium cinnabari Roger, 1863, Monomorium floreanum Stitz, 1932, Monomorium impressumSmith, 1876, Monomorium poecilum Roger, 1863, Monomorium specularis Mayr, 1866
Nypa fruticans (palm)Interim profile, incomplete information

Nypa fruticans (nypa palm) inhabits estuarine habitats from Sri Lanka to the Ganges delta to the west Pacific. It grows up to 10 m tall and produces large buoyant propagules that are dispersed with ocean currents. It was intentionally introduced to Nigeria, and has since spread to Cameroon. In the Niger Delta it invades deforested and exposed mudflats and forms dense monospecific stands which outcompete native mangrove species. The lack of stilt roots, absence of leaf litter and dense structure reduce estuarine habitat and may negatively affect native biodiversity.
golpata, mangrove palm, nipa, nipa palm, nipah palm, nypa palm
Oryctes rhinoceros (insect) English françaisOryctes rhinoceros is one of the most serious pests of the coconut palm. Oryctes rhinoceros also has a record of damage, wherever it has become established in the tropics, to native palm trees and native Pandanus.Asiatic rhinoceros beetle, bebete coco, black beetle, coconut black beetle, coconut palm rhinoceros beetle, coconut rhinoceros beetle, date palm beetle, dung beetle, escarabajo rinoceronte Asiático, fruit stalk borer, Indischer Nashornkäfer, Indischer Nashornkäfer, klappertor, kumbang badak, kumbang tanduk, oryctes du cocotier, Palmen-Nashornkaefer, rhinoceros beetle, rhinoceros du cocotier, scarabé du cocotierOryctes stentor Castelnau, 1840, Scarabaeus rhinoceros Linnaeus
Panicum repens (grass) English Panicum repens is a perennial grass that frequently forms dense colonies and has long, creeping rhizomes. It grows in moist, often sandy soils and its rhizomes often extend several feet out into the water. Panicum repens frequently forms dense floating mats that impede water flow in ditches and canals and restrict recreational use of shoreline areas of lakes and ponds. Management of Panicum repens involves the repeated application of herbicides. There is very little physical management that can be used to control Panicum repens, as disturbance encourages its growth.canota, couch panicum , creeping panic , kriechende Hirse, millet rampant , panic rampant , torpedo grass , torpedograss , Victoria grass , wainaku grassPanicum airoides R. Br. , Panicum aquaticum A. Rich. , Panicum arenarium Brotero , Panicum chromatostigma Pilg. , Panicum convolutum P.Beauv. ex Spreng. , Panicum gouinii (Fourn.), Panicum hycrocharis Steud. , Panicum ischaemoides Retz. , Panicum kinshassense Vanderyst , Panicum leiogonum Delile , Panicum littorale C.Mohr ex Vasey , Panicum nyanzense K.Schum. , Panicum roxburghianum Schult. , Panicum sieberi Link , Panicum tuberosum Llanos , Panicum uliginosum Roxb. ex Roem. & Schult.
Paratachardina pseudolobata (insect)Paratachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale) is a tiny insect that only reaches 2mm in length. It has found its way to Florida and has been documented infesting over 300 plant species since 1999. Paratachardina pseudolobata form extremely dense infestations, which over a short period of time cause branch dieback and, in severe cases, highly infested shrubs and small trees have died. Control is difficult as there are no natural predators and the use of pesticides is not viable in the natural habitats this species infests.lobate lac scale
Paspalum scrobiculatum (grass) EnglishInterim profile, incomplete information

Paspalum scrobiculatum is a noxious weed in the United States and is potentially invasive in the Pacific.
co duru levu, cow grass, creeping paspalum, desum, ditch millet, Indian crown grass, Indian paspalum, kodo, kodo millet, Kodohirse, kodomillet, kodo-millet, kodra, mijo koda, native Paspalum, rice grass, ricegrass paspalum, tho ndina, tho nduru levu, tho ni ndina, water couchPaspalum cartilagineum J. Presl, Paspalum commersonii Lam., Paspalum orbiculare G. Forst., Paspalum polystachyum R. Br., Paspalum scrobiculatum var. bispicatum, Paspalum scrobiculatum var. commersonii (Lam.) Stapf, Paspalum scrobiculatum var. polystachyum (R. Br.) Stapf, Paspalum scrobiculatum var. scrobiculatum
Perna perna (mollusc) EnglishPerna perna, commonly known as the brown mussel, is a bivalve mussel that has recently invaded North America, around the Gulf of Mexico. It is quickly becoming a nuisance of water-cooling systems for power stations and can alter the physical structure of a habitat. Perna perna is an edible species and has been known to cause Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) outbreaks to those that consume contaminated mussels.brown mussel, Mexilhao musselChloromya perna, Mya perna, Mytilus afe (Gmelin 1791), Mytilus africanus (Chemnitz 1785), Mytilus elongatus (Lamarck 1817), Mytilus perna, Mytilus pictus (Born 1780), Mytilus venezolanus (Andreu 1965), Perna indicata Kuriakose and Nair., Perna picta (Born)
Porphyrio porphyrio (bird)The ecological similarity of the purple swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) to the Florida native common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) and purple gallinule (Porphyrula martinica) have prompted efforts to eliminate this member of the rail family from Florida. It is not clear what negative consequences could result from these non-native birds but in other parts of the world they are noted for their aggressive behaviour and their habit of eating other bird's eggs.bláhæna, caimão, calamón común, Modrzyk, pollo sultano, pukeko, purperkoet, purpurhöna, Purpurhuhn, seikei, slípka modrá, sultanhøne, sultanhøne, sultánka modrá, sulttaanikana, talève sultane
Psittacula krameri (bird)Interim profile, incomplete information

The rose-ringed parakeet, Psittacula krameri, is native to central Africa and Asia and is a colourful, distinctive-looking bird. It is known as one of the most successful avian invaders in the world, with established populations in over 35 countries outside its native range. P. krameri has been shown to have adverse impacts on native bird species and carry diseases. It is thought that its reproductive success, establishment and range expansion in non-native areas is related to climate similarities of non-native areas to that of its native range.
Perruche À Collier, ring-necked parakeet, rose-ringed parakeet, rose-ringed Parrakeet
Pterois volitans (fish) EnglishThe Indo-Pacific red lionfish (Pterois volitans) is a beautiful but dangerous tropical fish that has spread to new marine environments through the aquarium trade. The lionfish has invaded the Northwestern Atlantic and the Caribbean in one of the most rapid marine finfish invasions in history. In some areas, it has the potential to displace commercially important species such as the grouper and reduce recruitment of juvenile fishes, which in turn disrupts marine ecosystem processes.butterfly cod, cá Mao Tiên, chale, firefish, hana-minokasago, Indo-Pacific red lionfish, laffe volant, lepu-penganten, lionfish, lionfish scorpion, ominokasago, ornate butterfly-cod, ornate butterfly-cod, peacock lionfish, poisson scorpion, poisson volant, poisson-dindon, red firefish, red lionfish, sausau-lele, scorpion fish, scorpion volitans, skrzydlica pstra, turkey fish, turkeyfish, volitan lion, zebrafishBrachirus zebra (Quoy and Gaimard, 1825), Gasterosteus volitans, Pterois cristatus, Pterois geniserra, Pterois muricata, Pterois zebra Quoy and Gaimard, 1825, Scorpaena volitans (Linnaeus, 1758)
Pycnonotus cafer (bird) English français Pycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul) is a noisy, gregarious bird distinguished by a conspicuous crimson patch below the root of the tail. It is aggressive and chases off other bird species and may also help to spread the seeds of other invasive species. It is an agricultural pest, destroying fruit, flowers, beans, tomatoes and peas. It occurs naturally from Pakistan to southwest China and has been introduced to many Pacific Islands, where it has caused serious problems by eating fruit and vegetable crops, as well as nectar, seeds and buds.bulbul à ventre rouge, bulbul cafre, red-vented bulbul, Rußbülbül
Rottboellia cochinchinensis (grass) English françaisRottboellia cochinchinensis is an erect annual grass that reaches heights of 4 metres. It is a weed of warm-season crops around the world, preferring tropical and subtropical climates. It grows along roadsides and in other open, well-drained sites. R. cochinchinensis is an aggressive weed, considered to be one of the 12 worst weeds that infest sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) in the world. It is also a very competitive weed with maize crops. R. cochinchinensis has irritating hairs on its stem which makes it difficult to control it manually in small-scale farms. It is tolerant to most herbicides that are applied in cotton and maize fields. Management and removal of R. cochinchinensis requires the use of many man hours and the application of several techniques to ensure control.anguigay, annarai, bandjangan, barsali, bukal, bura, caminadora, capim-camalote, cebada fina, corn grass, dholu, doekoet kikisian, fataque duvet, gaho, girum nagei, graminea corredora, guinea-fowl grass , herbe à poils, herbe de riz, herbe fataque-duvet, herbe queue-de-rat, itch grass, itchgrass , jointed grass, Kelly grass , kokoma grass , konda panookoo, lisofya, paja peluda, prickle grass, Raoul grass, rice grass, sagisi, sancarana, shamva grass, sugarcane weed, swooate, tsunoaiashiAegilops exaltata L., Manisuris exaltata (L. f.) Kuntze , Ophiurus appendiculatus Steud., Rottboellia arundinacea Hochst. ex A. Rich , Rottboellia denudata Steud., Rottboellia exaltata L. f., nom. illeg, Rottboellia setosa J.S. Presl ex C.B. Presl , Stegosia cochinchinensis Lour, Stegosia exaltata Nash
Rubus niveus (shrub) EnglishRubus niveus is a shrub native to Asia that may form dense, impenetrable, thorny thickets that can displace native species. It produces sweet, palatable fruit enjoyed by birds, rodents, reptiles and humans and has been cultivated in many regions throughout the world for this reason. It is also used as a living fence. Mechanical management of the species is difficult due to its growth form and persistent seedbank, but chemical methods have been developed and biological means of management are being explored.Ceylon raspberry, frambuesa, hill raspberry, hong pao ci teng, Java bramble, kala hinsalu, khiradi, kolalinda, komuli, Mahabaleshwar raspberry, mbolinmomoniyl, mora, Mysore raspberry, Mysorehimbeere, pilai, pinit, snowpeaks raspberryRubus pedunculosus D. Don, Rubus albescens Roxb., Rubus bonatii H. Lév., Rubus boudieri H. Lév., Rubus distans D. Don, Rubus foliolosus D. Don, Rubus godongensis Y. Gu & W.L. Li, Rubus horsfieldii Miq., Rubus incanus Sasaki ex Y.C. Liu & Yang, Rubus lasiocarpus Sm., Rubus lasiocarpus var. ectenothyrsus Cardot, Rubus lasiocarpus var. micranthus (D. Don) Hook. f., Rubus longistylus H. Lév., Rubus mairei H. Lév., Rubus micranthus D. Don, Rubus mysorensis F. Heyne., Rubus niveus var. micranthus (D. Don) H. Hara, Rubus pinnatus D. Don, Rubus pyi H. Lév., Rubus tongchouanensis H. Lév.
Rusa unicolor (mammalInterim profile, incomplete informationsambar, Sambar DeerCervus unicolor Kerr, 1792
Streptopelia decaocto (bird) English français The Eurasian collared-dove (Streptopelia decaocto) is an extremely successful invader capable of phenomenal range expansion despite geographic barriers. In Europe, it spread from Turkey and the Balkans colonizing almost every country in Western Europe in a matter of 30 years, becoming viable breeders within two years of invasion. Believed introduced to the West Indies by accidental release of a pet trader in 1974, Eurasian collared-doves have spread throughout the Caribbean. In the early 1980's they invaded Florida and quickly established localities throughout the southeastern United States. Researchers cite factors such as genetic mutation, keen adaptation to human-dominated environments, and high reproductive potential as possible explanations for their abundant range expansion. Negative impacts include competition with endemic birds and potential disease transmission.Balkáni gerle, collared dove, Eurasian collared-dove, Indian ring-dove, Kolchataya Gorlitsa, Rola-turca, Sierpówka, Tórtola turca, Tortora dal collare, Tourterelle turque, Turkduva, Türkentaube, Turkinkyyhky, Turkse Tortel, TyrkerdueColumba risoria decaocto
Suncus murinus (mammal) English français Suncus murinus (the Indian musk shrew) is a commensal and adaptable mammal. It is a rapid coloniser and threatens many plant and animal species through predation and competition. Through human agency it has a large and expanding range and, to date, very little work has been done on how to effectively manage the species.Asian house shrew, Asian musk shrew, brown musk shrew, Ceylon highland shrew, common Indian musk-shrew, grande pachyure, grey musk shrew, house shrew, Indian grey musk-rat, Indian musk shrew, Kandyan shrew, kirukanjia, money shrew, Moschusspitzmaus, musaraigne musquée, rat musquee, Ryukyu musk shrew, white-tailed shrewSuncus albicauda, Suncus albinus, Suncus andersoni, Suncus auriculata, Suncus beddomei, Suncus blanfordii, Suncus blythii, Suncus caerulaeus, Suncus caerulescens, Suncus caeruleus, Suncus celebensis, Suncus ceylanica, Suncus crassicaudus, Suncus duvernoyi, Suncus edwardsiana, Suncus fulvocinerea, Suncus fuscipes, Suncus geoffroyi, Suncus giganteus, Suncus griffithii, Suncus heterodon, Suncus indicus, Suncus kandianus, Suncus kroonii, Suncus Kuekenthali, Suncus leucera, Suncus luzoniensis, Suncus malabaricus, Suncus mauritiana, Suncus media, Suncus melanodon, Suncus microtis, Suncus mulleri, Suncus muschata, Suncus myosurus, Suncus nemorivagus, Suncus nitidofulva, Suncus occultidens, Suncus palawanensis, Suncus pealana, Suncus pilorides, Suncus riukiuana, Suncus rubicunda, Suncus sacer, Suncus saturatior, Suncus semmeliki, Suncus semmelincki, Suncus serpentarius, Suncus sindensis, Suncus soccatus, Suncus sonneratii, Suncus swinhoei, Suncus temminckii, Suncus tytleri, Suncus unicolor, Suncus viridescens, Suncus waldemarii
Syzygium cumini (tree) English françaisSyzygium cumini has been introduced to many different places where it has been utilised as a fruit producer, as an ornamental and also for its timber. It has the ability to form a dense cover, excluding all other species. This characteristic has allowed Syzygium cumini to become invasive in Hawaii where it prevents the re-establishment of native lowland forest and very invasive in the Cook Islands and in French Polynesia. This tree has not been evaluated for biological control, but vigorous efforts to exterminate it with herbicides are taking place in Hawaii.black plum, damson plum, djoowet, doowet, druif, duhat, duhat, faux-pistachier, guayabo pesjua, indian blackberry, jalao, jaman, jambhool, jamblang, jambol, jambolan plum, jambolanier, jambool, jambu, jambul, jambulao, jamelao, jamelong, jamelongue, jamélongue, jamelonguier, jamelon-guier, jammun, jamoen, Java plum, jiwat, Ka'ika, kavika ni India, koeli, koriang, lomboy, lunaboy, ma-ha, Malabar plum, mesegerak, mesekerrak, mesekerrák, mesigerak, paramu, pesjua extranjera, pistati, Portuguese plum, pring bai, pring das krebey, purple plum, salam, va, voi rung, waCalyptranthes caryophyllifolia (Lam.) Willd., Calyptranthes oneillii Lundell, Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce, Eugenia jambolana Lam., Eugenia caryophyllifolia Lam., Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce, Eugenia jambolana Lam., Myrtus cumini L., Syzygium jambolana (Lam.) DC., Syzygium jambolanum DC., Syzygium caryophyllifolium (Lam.) DC., Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC.
Vitex rotundifolia (shrub) English Vitex rotundifolia, also commonly known as beach vitex, is a perennial woody shrub of coastal sand dunes of Asia and the Pacific islands. It has been introduced into the United States where it is an invasive exotic plant. Vitex rotundifolia has a strong impact on the native flora and fauna along the United States Carolina coast, shading native plants and disrupting nesting sites for sea turtles. Active community involvement and strategic mapping and eradication efforts are underway to limit the extent and impact that this exotic species has on the coasts of the Carolinas and prevent it from spreading into a wider geographical range.beach vitex, chasteberry, cloister pepper, dan ye man jing, hamago, hinahina kolo, kolokolo kahakai, man hyung ja, manawanawa, mawanawana, monk's pepper, pohinahina, polinalina, roundleaf chastetree, single-leaf chaste treeVitex agnus-castus var. ovata (Thunb.) Makino, Vitex ovata (Thunb.), Vitex repens Blanco, Vitex trifolia subsp. litoralis Steenis, Vitex trifolia var. obovata Bentham, Vitex trifolia var. ovata (Thunb.) Makino, Vitex trifolia var. ovata (Thunb.) Merrill, Vitex trifolia var. repens Ridley, Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia (Cham.), Vitex trifolia var. unifoliata Schauer
Viverricula indica (mammal)Interim profile, incomplete informationsmall Indian civetViverricula indica (Desmarest, 1804)
Xylosandrus mutilatus (insect)Xylosandrus mutilatus comes from a family of beetles commonly referred to as bark beetles. Xylosandrus mutilatus construct galleries in the xylem of host trees which can eventually cause mortality in its host. These galleries also degrade wood products and when it attacks valuable broadleaf species there can be significant economic impacts on lumber industries. Many bark beetles are also known to be vectors of fungal pathogens but it is not known what fungal pathogens Xylosandrus mutilatus may or may not be harbouring.camphor shoot beetle, camphor shot-borerXyleborus banjoewangi Schedl, Xyleborus sampsoni Eggers, Xyleborus taitinus Eggers